STRAIGHT ANSWERS FOR TOUGH QUESTIONS....Bernard J. Shapiro
A CASUALTY OF WAR....Avi Davis
ISRAEL CAN'T WIN FOR LOSING...Guest Editorial....Joseph Farah
ROAD MAP TO ISRAEL'S DESTRUCTION
ROAD MAP TO HELL....Elyakim Haetzni
INTERVIEW ON ROAD MAP WITH BENNY ELON....Arutz Sheva
NEGOTIATING WITH NAZIS?....David Wilder
WAR REVIVES DILEMMA: Are Jews Assimilated?....Jeffrey Zaslow
THE CHANGING FACE OF MEMORY: Who Defended The Warsaw Ghetto?....Moshe Arens
NEW PA PRIME MINISTER AND TERRORISM
LOTS OF ARAB SHOCK, BUT NOT MUCH AWE...They Still Hate Us....Michael Freund
ARAFAT'S NEW PM BEHIND MUNICH OLYMPICS ATTACK?....Steve K. Walz
SURPRISE - SYRIA DISCOVERED TO BE A ROGUE TERRORIST NATION....Emanuel A. Winston
DELUDING OURSELVES ABOUT THE PALESTINIAN 'SECURITY ACE'....Michael Freund
COUNTERING ARAB PROPAGANDA (HASBARA)
EAST AND WEST PALESTINE....Ariel Natan Pasko
DEVILS WEARING ANGELS' WINGS....Richard H. Shulman
ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIANS: AN UNEQUAL RECIPROCITY OF SUICIDES....Louis Rene Beres
MACCABEAN ONLINE [ISSN 1087-9404] Edited by Bernard J.
STRAIGHT ANSWERS FOR TOUGH QUESTIONS
By Bernard J. Shapiro
Q. Will the new "Road Map" lead to peace in the Middle East?
A. On the contrary, if implemented, it will lead to greatly increased terrorism against Israel.
Q. Is Mahmoud Abbas really a moderate, peace-loving Arab, opposed to terrorism?
A. NO!! In fact he has a 23 year history as a vicious terrorist who financed and helped plan the Munich massacre of Israeli athletes. His opposition to terror is purely tactical and also a lie since he will certainly do NOTHING to eliminate it despite his words. He is also a Holocaust denier and neo-Nazi.
Q. Does Abbas have control over the PA?
A. Arafat still has complete control.
Q. Then why does the international media, world leaders (including Bush), and even Israeli PM Sharon act like this is an opening to begin negotiations that could lead to "peace?"
A. There is a distinction between international supporters of the Road Map and Israeli supporters. The world generally doesn't care about Israel's survival due to latent and open anti-Semitism and a desire to appease the Arabs.
Israelis (mostly leftists like Labor, Meretz and Peace Now) for some psychopathological reasons hate their Jewish heritage and will only be happy with self-destruction. In many ways they honestly supported Oslo as a way to absolve their "sin" of creating a Jewish State. Like obsessive compulsive psychotics they continue to expect Oslo to work if only Israel worked harder for its success, even though it was the Arabs who made it unworkable. They hit their heads against the brick wall of Oslo and then get a bloody headache. Being obsessive compulsive they keeping hitting their heads over and over again, each time expecting a different result. It will never happen and the Road Map is just Oslo revisited and much worse.
Q. Can't the IDF with its immense power be able to control it like it is doing now?
A. The Road Map leads to a Palestinian State which would be recognized by the entire world. Israel would find it much more difficult to cross a national border to fight terrorism. It would not be able to maintain its extensive intelligence network which has prevented 90% of attacks before they can be perpetrated.
Q. Wouldn't a Palestinian State be demilitarized with Israel controlling its borders and air space?
A. With reference to the writings of Louis Rene Beres (an international legal expert and strategic analyst from Purdue University), once a nation's sovereignty is recognized it is under no legal obligation to adhere to the conditions it agreed to before it became a State.
Q. Does this mean that planes flying into Israel's Ben Gurion International Airport would be vulnerable to Palestinian anti-aircraft missiles?
A. Yes! And even if there is an international treaty obligation not to fire on civilian aircraft, I would not expect the Palestinians to honor ANY agreement.
Q. Would a Palestinian State lead to the "End of the Conflict with the Arabs?"
A. No!! The Palestinian would still want to continue terrorism to drive the Jews into the sea. Their maps do not even show Israel existing in the Middle East. The same with the other Arab countries including Egypt. They are just biding their time while Israel is being weakened by the Palestinian State ( the end result of the Road Map). Then they will launch a surprise attack to destroy what is left of Israel, bringing about a Second Holocaust.
Q. Why are all negotiations in the Middle East aimed at helping the terrorist Arabs, and none is to benefit Israel?
A. A better question is: Why do the Israelis participate in these one-sided talks?
Q. If America is truly Israel's best friend, why do they pursue the Road Map which could lead to Israel's destruction?
A. It is necessary to make clear distinctions when referring to the United States. Most important there are many supporters of Israel. For example: The US Congress, the American people (especially Evangelical Christians), the US Defense department (which works with Israel developing many high-tech weapon systems) plus a high proportion of the US Jewish population.
And then there is the US State Department which has a long history of trying to undermine Israel's security. Before WWII they restricted visas to Jews trying to escape the Nazis. They opposed the Partition Resolution of the United Nations in 1947 that led to Israel's re-birth as a nation. Even though Truman forced the US Ambassador to the UN to vote YES on the resolution, the State Department enacted an arms embargo on the new Jewish State. At the same time England and France were feverishly arming the Arabs. The Arabs announced publically that this would be a War of Extermination that would be remembered like the great Mongolian massacres.
Q. Is there any hope for Israel's survival in this hostile Arab/Muslim world? In fact, the whole world seems anxious to rid the planet Earth of Jews.
A. We must struggle to survive. Those who think that we are at the End of Time and can relax are grossly mistaken. The struggle of Israel and Am Yisrael (the Jewish People) continues. Peace will come with Moshiach and not any Road Map (really a much worse Oslo).
THE BOTTOM LINE
As Jews we are all involved in this historic struggle to survive. It is not our fate or that of the Israelis that we should retire from this struggle. The only peace the Arabs are prepared to give us is the peace of the grave.
Bernard J. Shapiro is the executive director of the Freeman Center For Strategic Studies and editor of both The Maccabean Online and the freemanlist.
A CASUALTY OF WAR
By Avi Davis
As the smoke begins to clear in Baghdad the world will soon be able to assess the damage of a short war. The final toll will no doubt include thousands of Iraqi dead and many Allied troops. It will include billions of dollars of damage and shattered relations between a number of nations. It is as sad as it is tragic. War, no matter whereor why it takes place is always heartbreaking - destroying lives and leaving scars that do not easily heal . Yet heal they will. Investments of time, money and goodwill, though unable to bring back the dead, will lead the way toward an eventual reconciliation.
But not for everyone. These are wounds of this war that will not be nursed back to health. And the most permanent disfigurement of them all is media credibility. The coverage of the war in Iraq has proven that experience is no barrier to either ineptitude or scurrility. The litany of malfeasance is long. Well known photographers doctored photographs in order to project the Allied effort in a negative light. Commentators, analysts and newsroom anchors turned the war into a replay of the Super Bowl with bombastic play by play commentary that embarrassingly revealed more ignorance than expertise. And many reporters - such as glory seeker Geraldo Rivera - chose to project themselves as the story, rather than the military conflict they were supposedly covering.
Perhaps the most egregious example of an experienced reporter/celebrity transforming into a neophyte military analyst was Peter Arnett. A veteran of the first Gulf War, Arnett was fired by NBC for giving Iraqi television an interview, in which he derided the Allied military campaign and insisted that continued Iraqi resistance would inspire opposition to the war in the United States. Why Arnett was giving interviews and not actually conducting them is a disturbing question. But the more relevant issue and, for that matter, far more worrisome development, is his evident conceit that he possesses either the power or influence to change the outcome of a military encounter.
Many foreign correspondents feel that their elevated status gives them the latitude to operate their own private news services, almost independent of the networks they represent. This shouldn't be surprising, given that since from the mid-70s onward, journalists throughout the world have veered from objective reporting of facts, the traditional role of a journalist, to adopt more proactive positions as advocates. The bestowal of a Pulitzer, the adulation of the television audience, the rapid rise in salary, cloaks a correspondent like Arnett in an aura of invincibility. In the rarefied world of sucha celebrity, truth is easily displaced by the journalist's own brand of justice which thereafter colors everything he either says, writes or presents.
Yet even Arnett's capriciousness is dwarfed when compared to CNN chairman Eason Jordan's admission this week that CNN had ignored or soft pedaled some of Iraq's most terrifying episodes of brutality. Jordan excused this lapse on the pretext that his staffs' lives would have been endangered if full reporting had been permitted. He was quietly attempting to divert the rancor that would follow a discovery that CNN's pre-war coverage of Saddam's crimes had been less than candid. But what it has in fact accomplished is the reverse - an expose of the news networks themselves whose dedication to truth (with notable exceptions) will always be subordinate to their personal, corporate and financial interests.
None of this will come as any surprise to media watchers in Israel. Foryears the foreign press has played a two faced game in that country, feigning objectivity while attempting to mollify Palestinian handlers with " balanced" reporting. But from the events in Ramallah in October 2000 - where an Italian News agency deliberately destroyed footage of the lynching of two Israeli reservists (lest the agency be denied future access to the territories), to the manifestly wrong coverage of the non-massacre in Jenin in April 2002, the media has used such balance to distort facts by pandering to a corrupt, totalitarian regime, casually ignoring its most brutal excesses. Half truths, distortions, misplaced loyalties, bias - the verisimilitude so rampant in the media today is enough to inspire caution. It should certainly be enough to lend Mark Twain's admonition "Don't read the press and you are uninformed; do read it andyou are misinformed," the resounding toll of truth.
Avi Davis is the senior fellow of the Freeman Center for Strategic Studies in Los Angeles and senior editorial columnist for the on-line magazine Jewsweek.com
WorldNetDaily.com, April 2, 2003
ISRAEL CAN'T WIN FOR LOSING
By Joseph Farah
Have you noticed the further Israel bends over backward to achieve peace with its neighbors, the more excuses those neighbors find for maintaining a state of war? In the latest example, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad explains why no matter what the Jewish state does - even if it achieves a settlement with the Palestinians and other Arab states - Israel will never be a "legitimate state," presumably one Assad recognizes has an absolute right to exist.
Assad made the statements in an interview in the Lebanese paper Al-Safir - really a house organ for his puppet government in that state. "There are countries in the Middle East with diverse nationalities, but they have social and historic cohesiveness," Assad explained. "Despite the ethnic diversity within each nation, the social fabric of the region, by and large, is one. On the other hand, the [social] structure in Israel is an anomaly. It is a country with one characteristic, which is a religious characteristic. Its democracy stems from this characteristic. It is not a democracy based on the state's boundaries. Therefore, it is inconceivable that Israel will become a legitimate state even if the peace process is implemented, because its structure deviates from the region's norm, and maybe from the whole world."
Now, let's analyze this statement - something no one in Lebanon or Syria would dare do for fear of swift, sure and draconian reprisals: For starters, let's apply the Assad litmus test to a nation run by some of his best friends - Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is the most religiously intolerant nation on the face of the earth, bar none. The kingdom restricts an entire city, Mecca, to Muslims alone. A Jew, a Christian, a non-believer isn't allowed to set foot in the city. While Saudi Arabia feverishly exports its brand of Wahabbi Islam around the world though support of maddrasses schools that brought the world the Taliban of Afghanistan, it doesn't allow any evangelism by other faiths, Muslim or non-Muslim. In fact, it doesn't even permit private worship by non-Muslims to take place. Possession of a Bible is a criminal offense. There is not a single church or synagogue anywhere in the country. Yet, Assad has the temerity to criticize Israel for its secular and highly pluralistic style of government.
As far as Israel's structure deviating from the region's norm, I would suggest that is high flattery from Assad. There are some 22 police states surrounding Israel. The Jewish state is the one truly free country in the Middle East. This interview should illustrate to the entire world just how futile are Israel's efforts to achieve peace with the Arab world through concessions and negotiations from a position of weakness.
I really hope Washington is reading. I really hope this statement is not missed over at the Bush State Department. I really hope the White House is watching even while it continues to push hard for the creation of a Palestinian state as the solution for peace in the Mideast. I trust the doves in Israel's own Labour Party read this interview and understand what it means. It means there is nothing Israel can do to mitigate the hatred focused upon it in places like Damascus. It is an irrational hatred. It is a self-destructive hatred. It is a hatred that is all-consuming and unquenchable. So, why try?
There's an old saying that the definition of madness is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. It seems to me that is exactly what Israel has been doing for more than 10 years in the so-called "peace process." And why does the U.S. State Department continue to promote the same, old solutions despite their abject, undeniable failure over more than a decade?
ROAD MAP TO HELL
by Elyakim Haetzni
April 27, 2003
All the following citations are derived directly from the Third (and to the best of our knowledge the most recent) Draft of the Road Map, formulated by the four powers known as "the Quartet" (the United Nations, the United States, the European Union and Russia), whose publication had been postponed at Israel's request pending the January 28 elections and the formation of a new Cabinet.
The following are the main points of this document, whose full name is:
A Performance-Based Road Map to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
1. Establishment of a Palestinian State
As is evident from the Road Map's title and text, the key objective is establishment of "an independent and viable Palestinian state with sovereignty" and "a maximum extent of geographical continuity" (the Road Map makes no mention of Sharon's conditions, e.g. that this state be demilitarized, that it not be granted authority to control borders or airspace or contract international agreements, etc.).
The Palestinian State will be established in two phases:
A. "The option of establishing a Palestinian state with temporary borders" following general elections in 2003. The Road Map states explicitly that "the members of the Quartet Committee will push towards an international recognition of the Palestinian state, including the possibility of membership in the United Nations."
B. A Palestinian state with permanent boundaries, to be established - after solution of issues concerning borders, Jerusalem, refugees and settlements - in 2005 (disregarding the Israeli Prime Minister's well-known stipulation that the process extend over at least ten years).
2. Internationalization of the Conflict
A. Two International Conferences.
B. The Quartet.
The First International Conference will convene in 2003 after the Palestinian elections to "launch a process that leads to the establishment of a Palestinian state with temporary borders."
The Second International Conference will convene in 2004 "to ratify the agreement reached on the state with temporary borders and to launch a process... that leads to a final solution..." [and a permanent Palestinian state].
All Governments of Israel, right-wing and left-wing alike, have avoided international conferences like the plague. The reasons for their decision, so obvious that even a child could understand them, remain unchanged during Sharon's term of office. In fact, the situation may well have worsened, considering the extensive international support expressed for the Arabs, along with overt hostility towards Israel and even Jews as a whole.
The Quartet is the chief instrument applied to wrest freedom of sovereign behavior from Israel and grant it to the Palestinians. The following are a few of its functions and authorities:
A. Convening International Conferences (although it may "consult" with the parties involved). In other words, International Conferences will be forced on Israel against its will.
B. Deciding, based on "the collective ruling of the Quartet Committee whether the conditions are appropriate for progress taking into consideration the performance of all parties." This means that transition to the Palestinian state phase will be determined by foreign elements, contravening Sharon's stipulation that any such activity be dependent on Israeli assessment of elimination of terror, confiscation of weapons, cessation of incitement and the like. In brief, we have been denied the right to conflict management.
C. Establishing a means of monitoring implementation of the Road Map by Israel and the Palestinians. We recall that Sharon avoided any substantive military activity for a year and a half just to keep international observers out of the area. Now, he has consented to institutionalized international supervision that will essentially undermine our sovereignty in managing the conflict from the outset, even before a Palestinian state is established.
D. The Quartet will ensure that both sides "perform their commitments in a parallel manner." This proviso contravenes Sharon's insistence that any measure taken by Israel must be preceded by the Palestinian side's having carried out its commitments to the fullest. For example, the Palestinian undertaking to eliminate terror will be rendered parallel to Israel's commitments regarding settlements (see below). The very apposition of these two issues is outrageous. Moreover, it is obvious that the Palestinians will perceive themselves as exempt from the obligation to halt terror simply because construction is taking place or some prefabricated structure or other has been set up on the Israeli side, including eastern Jerusalem. Adjudication of such disputes will be vested in the Quartet, that will hear these claims of Israeli violations. The Quartet's involvement thus largely vitiates Israeli sovereignty.
E. The Quartet plays a decisive role in other respects as well:
* Intervening "whenever the need arises" in direct negotiations between the parties, thereby nullifying another principle that Israel held sacred for decades: Direct negotiations.
* Determining "a realistic timetable" for progress.
* Offering "effective and practical support" at each stage of transition towards Palestinian rule, i.e. intervention in all spheres of activity finances, administration, security and the like. Such intervention is already taking place.
* Intervening in the achievement of a "final solution," including all that concerns Jerusalem, refugees and settlements.
* "International efforts to facilitate reform and stability of the Palestinian institutions and the Palestinian economy," i.e. intervention in all spheres of activity.
A. The Road Map insists that "the Israeli government dismantles immediately all settlement enclaves that were erected since March 2001" or: "the Israeli government dismantles all settlement outposts that were erected since March 2001." According to both these versions, dismantling of outposts and the settlement freeze described below are not contingent on prior cessation of terror but are to be carried out, as indicated, "in parallel," with no differentiation between "legal" and "illegal" outposts.
B. "The Israeli government freezes all settlement activities... (including the natural growth of settlements)" or: "the Israeli government freezes all settlement activities... along with giving priority to the projects that threaten the continuity of Palestinian residential regions, including the regions around Jerusalem," all to be carried out in 2003.
C. Demanding "a maximum extent of geographical [or: territorial] continuity, including additional steps on the issue of settlements" for establishment of a state with temporary borders (the intention is transparent: Uprooting of settlements that interfere with "geographical continuity," namely the Judean Hills settlements). This too is to be carried out before establishment of the provisional state, i.e. by the end of 2003.
D. Discussion of the fate of the remaining settlements will take place before establishment of a Palestinian state with permanent borders, i.e. by the end of 2005.
A. "The Israeli government will reopen the Palestinian Chamber of Commerce and other Palestinian closed institutions in East Jerusalem," meaning that Orient House, among other institutions, will be functioning once again.
B. Discussions regarding the permanent situation aim at providing "a realistic... and just solution to the issue of refugees and negotiable decision on the status of Jerusalem that takes into consideration the political and religious concerns of both parties." This accords the Arabs in Jerusalem political status equivalent to that of Israel, thereby mandating a priori division of the city. The expression "just solution" regarding the refugees does not augur well either.
"The implementation of the U.S. plan starts for reconstruction, training and resumption of the plan of security coordination in cooperation with an external supervision council that includes the U.S., Egypt, Jordan (The EU demands adding the phrase: 'with support from the Quartet Committee or with support from the EU')." It is especially ominous to note Sharon's consent to involvement of Egyptian and Jordanian military elements!
6. Other Elements
A. The Saudi Initiative
"The plan takes into special consideration the Saudi Initiative which was ratified by the Arab Summit in Beirut." This initiative explicitly calls for full withdrawal to the 1967 borders (including Jerusalem) and the return of refugees according to UN Resolution 194, a point stipulated unequivocally at the Beirut Summit. Sharon's attempts to have it deleted were unsuccessful.
B. "Terminating the Occupation"
This terminology demonstrates that mention of the Saudi Initiative is not a mere literary device, as corroborated towards the end of the Road Map: "...the parties reach an agreement on the permanent and comprehensive status that end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in 2005 through an agreed upon settlement reached through negotiations between the parties and based on the UN Security Council Resolutions... that end occupation which started in 1967."
C. The Golan Heights
"...to achieve a comprehensive peace on all tracks, including the Syrian-Israeli and the Lebanese-Israeli tracks."
"A second international conference... [that will] support the progress towards a comprehensive settlement in the Middle East between Israel and Lebanon and between Israel and Syria as soon as possible."
D. Deliberate Malfeasance
"The Israeli government will not undertake any acts that undermine the confidence, including deportation, and attacks against civilians... confiscation or demolition of homes and Palestinian properties as punitive measure or facilitating Israeli construction and demolishing civil institutions and the Palestinian infrastructure. All Israeli official institutions end instigation (or: incitement) against Palestinians."
To achieve balance, Israel, too, is accused of incitement: Israeli construction is considered to "undermine confidence." This is no mere theoretical matter, as indicated in the Bedein Report (published in the Hebrew weekly Besheva): "When I asked a U.S. Embassy spokesperson whether renovation of the Hurva Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem's Old City would be considered illegal construction, the response I received in the name of United States Ambassador to Israel Daniel Kurtzer was that indeed, any construction in the Old City of Jerusalem would be deemed 'illegal' according to U.S. foreign policy."
The Hebrew daily Yedioth Ahronoth carried the following item on January 21, 2003:
Powell Responds to Sharon: "We helped set up the Quartet and support it completely," said U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell yesterday in response to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's derisive reaction.
Speaking in New York, Powell said that "once elections have been held in Israel, we will cooperate with the Quartet in its efforts to achieve an agreement in the Middle East. We are committed to the Quartet and the Road Map, on which we've been working very hard."
Powell also "reminded" Sharon of President George W. Bush's vision: "His goal is to establish a Palestinian state in the region."
The Bush Plan, that is now tightening like a noose around Sharon's neck, was put forward as a cooperative effort by both heads of state. Since Israel was established, it has always been a dependent of the United States and not always well fed at that. From now on, we've been abandoned to the vagaries of the United Nations, the Europeans and Russia, all with the active participation of the Sharon Government and its Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, who stated in an interview with Dan Margalit on Israel Television's Channel One (October 15, 2002): "The Government announced that it accepts Bush's vision of two states for two peoples," adding that "A third party has now joined - the Quartet."
Sharon, interviewed by Margalit the next day, indicated that "acceptance of the Bush Plan is a strategic decision. The plan is essentially a joint Israeli-American plan."
Foreign Minister Peres presented the President of Mauritania with "the Quartet's plan, including... establishment of a Palestinian state with temporary borders... The Quartet is now working on drawing up a detailed Road Map, an idea that Israel accepts in principle..." (Yedioth Ahronoth, October 9, 2002).
"Strange as it may sound, the Road Map that everyone is so worried about is essentially based on ideas that Prime Minister Sharon himself had raised in Washington previously, ideas that also helped shape Bush's speech regarding a solution in the Middle East. For example, the three-phase plan stipulated in the new Road Map, is originally Arik Sharon's. The Road Map, now a concrete document in the Pentagon's possession, also obligates Israel to take certain steps..." (Alex Fishman, Yedioth Ahronoth, October 18, 2002)
"Teams of Egyptian and Jordanian intelligence experts will soon arrive in Jericho to train the new Palestinian security system teams. Training of workers will be part of the planned reforms in Palestinian security" (Yedioth Ahronoth, August 21, 2002).
In brief, we may state without exaggeration that we are facing a Road Map to Hell, a document whose consequences are no less severe than those of the British White Paper of 1939. The Oslo Agreements were child's play compared to this Road Map.
Methodological criticism of the Oslo Accords pointed to a basic flaw: Israel's haste to establish the Palestinian Authority and accord the Palestinians authority, territory, weapons and funds, while leaving the chief points of disagreement - borders, refugees, Jerusalem, settlements and sovereignty - to be resolved later. This enabled the Palestinians to exploit their achievements in an attempt to force their own preferred solution to the deferred issues to be resolved.
Sharon apparently failed to learn a lesson from the Oslo Accords, having repeated the tactical error under far more serious circumstances: This time, he is paying the Palestinians an advance in the form of a sovereign state. From that point on, they can fight to achieve their perceived objectives as a bona fide state, a member of the United Nations, equipped with all tools, authority and individual support entailed thereby.
After two and a half years of the present Intifada, Yasser Arafat can credit himself with having achieved all his war objectives: A Palestinian state within immediate reach, international involvement and supervision, introduction of the United Nations and Europe into the area, military involvement by Jordan and Egypt, elimination of Jewish settlements and release of Israel's effective hold on most parts of Judea, Samaria and Gaza. It is chilling indeed to realize that we have paid for his achievements with over a thousand Jews murdered and many thousands more wounded in terror attacks since the Oslo Accords were drafted.
NEGOTIATING WITH NAZIS?
By David Wilder
The Jewish Community of Hebron
April 28, 2003 - Holocaust Memorial Day
Shalom. Being that tonight marks the beginning of the Memorial Day for victims of the Holocaust while honoring past heroes, I believe it is appropriate to broach the following subject.
Last week I spoke at length about the soon-to-be Prime Minister of the Palestinian Terrorist Authority, Abu Mazen. Abu Mazen's doctoral thesis accused the Zionist movement, of conspiring against the Jewish people and collaborated with the Nazis to annihilate it, because the movement considered "Palestine" the only appropriate destination for Jewish emigration. Of course, nothing could be further from the truth. But, what if it were true? Can you imagine the impact such a revelation would have had on the Jewish people, on the leadership of the then future State of Israel? It is so preposterous an idea that, the implications so inherently evil, Jews making a deal with the devil himself, Hitler, Yemach shmo - one of the greatest fiends of all human history, it is unfathomable. Yet, in a bizarre way, it looks like that is exactly what Israel is doing today, fifty five years after the creation of the state, fifty eight years after conclusion of the second world war and cessation of the Holocaust.
There are those in our midst who are actually willing to make a deal, participate in signing a 'treaty' with the greatest and most deadly of our enemies. I know, there are those who say, 'only after Arafat.' 'Arafat is the evil, not all the palestinians. Despite Abu Mazen's past, maybe he will be able to prove himself. And if not him, someone after him.' Yesterday an Israeli minister commented on the present situation during an interview on Ga'ali Tzahal. He has a unique solution to the problem at hand. He suggested that the so-called palestinians accept Jordan as the heart of their 'state,' a state which will include 'branches' throughout Judea, Samaria and Gaza. He said, and I quote, "The palestinians should also be privileged to a national identity and that identity can be expressed by a palestinian state based around Jordan, with branches in Judea and Samaria, in the area [classified] A." Area A, about 40% of Yesha, is land abandoned to the PA as part of the Oslo Accords, and includes Shechem, Ramallah, Bethlehem, and others. Israel moved back into all these cities a year ago, following the Passover Massacre at the Park Hotel in Netanya and has remained, in an effort to thwart further terrorism. The minister said that personally he wouldn't want to abandon land in Yesha, but that the previous government already did, and that the Israeli army's presence in these cities is only temporary because the world has already recognized the palestinian existence. A palestinian army and parliament will be that of the Jordanians, with scattered 'branches' throughout Yesha. He added, "Unfortunately, this is the situation which has been created. We don't agree. It is our right to live on all parts of Eretz Yisrael, but we cannot now fulfill this, not in Ramallah, Jenin or Shechem."Of course, all of these concessions, says the minister, are dependent on stopping the terror, incitement, etc. etc.
So I ask you to name the minister. Who could it be? Maybe a weak Likudnik, under the influence of Ariel Sharon? Maybe Bibi, who gave away Hebron and signed the Wye Accords? Or perhaps someone from the Shinui party, who is trying to acquiesce politely, thereby soothing the feelings of the 'settlers' while, at the same time, disagreeing with them?
No, my friends, not Likud, not Shinui, no, we are talking about Welfare Minister Zevulun Orlev, of the National Religious Party, the Mafdal. I read this interview earlier today on the Arutz 7 website in Hebrew, then read it again and again. The words stayed the same each time. So, how to react, that is the question?
First of all - Arafat is not just a person. Arafat is a concept. Even post-Arafat, Arafat will still exist. Arafat personifies the aspirations of the Arabs that being, of course, the annihilation of the State of Israel. It makes no difference who inherits Arafat, or who inherits his successor. It must be understood, and it is as clear as daylight. They don't want us here and will do anything and everything, even if it takes them generations to try and achieve their goal. Call it a Trojan horse, as did Faisal Husseini. Call it fragmentation of Israeli society, as did Abu Mazen - divide and conquer, call it whatever you want. The end result of the equation is always the same - get the Jews out of Israel.
Second - it makes no difference what they say or what they do - they could be the most wonderful peace-loving people in the universe. That does not change one iota the fact that Eretz Yisrael belongs to Am Yisrael - the Land of Israel belongs to the Jewish people. G-d gave us this land, He brought us back to the land after a two thousand year exile, and He made the land prosper. It is written in the Talmud that the sign of redemption is when the Land of Israel flourishes, when plants and flower grow, when the trees are rich with fruit. As long as the Jews were in exile the land was desolate - no agriculture, no nothing, until the Jews returned. Then, again, the land blossomed in all its glory.
Third According to Jewish law, a person doesn't have the right to commit suicide, because our life is not ours, it is G-d's. He gave it to us and He will take it from us. We don't have anything to say about it. Ditto, causing bodily harm to oneself. I cannot cut off my arm or finger, or anything else, because my body is a gift from Above. And the same is true with Eretz Yisrael. It is not ours to cut up, to give away, to abandon. And especially not to our worst enemies.
Zevulun Orlev is a religious man, yet his ideas and statements are tantamount to Jews sitting down at the negotiating table with the Nazi leadership. They are equivalent not only to participating in a Holocaust, but also to assist in initiating it - Holocaust number two, G-d forbid, the destruction of the State of Israel. One Holocaust was one too many. Let's not help in bringing about another one.
With blessings from Hebron,
This is David Wilder
INTERVIEW WITH BENNY ELON
ON THE ROAD MAP
By Arutz Sheva
Minister Benny Elon, Haggai Segal on PM Sharon and Road Map
Arutz-7's Haggai Segal spoke with Tourism Minister Benny Elon of the National Union party this afternoon. He first asked for Elon's thoughts regarding Holocaust Day. Elon: "I appreciate the approach of silence - the idea of remembering by being silent and internalizing historic memories. We certainly cannot afford to assume that a Holocaust cannot happen again; we have enemies, and with G-d's help we will remain alert... I don't know of a place that disseminates the Protocols of the Elders of Zion and anti-Semitism more than our own neighbors - in the PA, Syria, and the like; the unpleasant fact is that the largest ghetto in the world is right here. We are surrounded by hundreds of millions of enemies, and we have to deal with this cleverly - and not by giving them land, as if that's what they're missing...
"We are now sovereign, and we don't have to jump to commit suicide through every window of opportunity; I think the Americans are giving us a wonderful window of opportunity to solve the problem with a two-state solution on both sides of the Jordan - not a three-state solution that includes two Palestinian states."
Segal: "You know that that's not what's on the agenda at present; Prime Minister Sharon is planning to recognize a Palestinian state in Yesha. As a member of his government, how do you plan to fight this?"
Elon: "To Sharon's credit, it must be said that he has been consistent on this topic for a long time. When we joined the government, we said that not only do we not assume collective responsibility for this approach, but we will fight it to the hilt, both here and in the United States. The formation of a Palestinian state on this side of the Jordan River will eternalize terrorism forever, and I plan to explain as much to members of the U.S. Congress. Instead, Jordan must be the Palestinian state."
Segal: "But in the meantime, both you and the National Religious Party, by remaining quiet, are allowing the efforts to continue towards the formation of a Palestinian state [as envisioned by the rest of the world], are you not?"
Elon: "No, I do not believe so. It depends on how we work. The way to work right now is not by leaving the government so that Labor can replace us and push us faster towards a deterioration. It could be that this will change, but for now we have to work to ensure that the man [Ariel Sharon] who thinks that we may have to part with Beit El and Shilo will realize that he may find himself parted from his own government before that happens. I do not mean this as an insult, but the fact is that there are forces in the government, such as Binyamin Netanyahu and others, and we may very well have the required 61 MKs who disagree with Sharon's approach."
Minister Elon said that he is a bit more skeptical of Sharon than is Segal himself. Elon made mention of an article Segal wrote in B'Sheva last week, in which Sharon is portrayed as saying the following:"I talk about the Road Map, but those who know me know that I'm here to preserve the Land of Israel, not divide it... But we have to work smartly and cleverly. Why fight with Bush if we can talk nicely to him? After all, nothing will come out of this Road Map plan anyway, since the Arabs are simply unable to stop murdering Jews no matter what... In the long-range, the only chance to prevent an erosion of our position depends on the settlers [the Jewish residents of Judea, Samaria and Gaza]. They're the only ones who are separating between the Arabs and their dreams. Without them, a Palestinian state would long have been established in all of Yesha. In the merit of their stubbornness, their willingness to sacrifice, it can still be possibly stopped or at least neutralized. I just hope that they don't get tired or weak suddenly. We're in deep trouble if they get tired or stop believing. Their job on this earth is to fight the despair of my generation, to fight my weakness. They have to save us from our despair, my despair. So [in Sharon's oft-quoted words from late 1998], let everyone get a move on and take more hilltops, take more land. Whatever we take - will be ours, and whatever we don't take, will be their [the Arabs']."
Elon: "Your [above-quoted] article was great, but I don't know if I'm quite as complacent about Sharon. I know that Sharon realizes that he's 75 years old, and feels that if he doesn't do certain things - including even the removal of Yesha communities - then others, less experienced than he is, will come after him and do them in a worse way. [He is therefore anxious to do it now, himself.]"
Elon also said that we must wage the struggle against this approach cleverly and without tiring: "In the face of anti-educational statement [by Sharon] such as, 'In the future we may have to leave Beit El and Shilo,' we must have an immediate response - standing at every street-corner with signs saying, 'Beit El is ours forever,' 'Bethlehem is ours forever.' This must be our educational response. There is an attempt to anaesthetize the public, and this must be the counter-effort. But to leave the government every time something comes up - that is not the right approach."
National Review, April 29, 2003
LOTS OF ARAB SHOCK, BUT NOT
They Still Hate Us
By Michael Freund
A lot of things may have changed in the Middle East since the Stars and Stripes were raised triumphantly over Baghdad, but the Arab world's hateful anti-Western rhetoric certainly isn't one of them.
While the sweeping assertion of American power initially left much of the Arab world in a state of utter disbelief, that incredulity has quickly dissolved into the familiar stream of fierce and violent rhetoric.
Take, for example, some of the prayer sermons that were broadcast a week ago Friday on official state-run channels throughout the region. Delivering their homilies before nationwide audiences, the sheikhs and imams of the Arab states left no doubt about their feelings vis-à-vis America and its policy in Iraq.
"O Allah, deal with the enemies of Islam including Zionists and Americans. O Allah, shake the land under their feet, instill fear in their hearts, and freeze the blood in their veins," cried the Yemeni preacher in Sanaa's Grand Mosque, as his words were carried live across the southern Arabian peninsula.
Further north, in Saudi Arabia, the message delivered over the country's airwaves was no less shrill or confrontational. In a sermon broadcast on the kingdom's official TV2 television station, the impassioned cleric lambasted America for invading Iraq, beseeching the heavens as follows: "O Allah, deal with them for they are within Your power. O Allah, make their plans destroy them. O Allah support jihad for your sake everywhere."
A similar theme ran through the oration on Syrian radio that day, where the speaker, addressing a gathering of worshippers at Damascus' al-Zahra mosque, referred to Coalition forces in Baghdad as the "new Mongol invaders." With evident pride, he openly acknowledged that Syria had sent people across the border to Iraq to fight American troops, saying, "Our youths, who went to the aid of the Iraqi people, were noble and chivalrous. You could see real manhood in their faces. We are proud of them."
And if you thought that the presence of Central Command headquarters in Qatar's capital of Doha would have a moderating influence on that country, think again. Qatari television carried a sermon from the Omar Bin-al-Khattab mosque in Doha, in which the presiding sheikh said that the "infidels" (i.e. America) may have the military might, but their "oppression" would not continue forever.
But perhaps the sharpest tones could be heard coming from the Palestinians, whose regret over the fall of Saddam was laced with outrageous accusations against the United States. Official Palestinian television aired a sermon delivered at a Gaza mosque in which the preacher accused America of overseeing the devastation of Iraq. "America organizes the systematic destruction of Iraq," he said. "America organizes the looting, plundering, and destruction operations... America organizes these campaigns by thieves and traitorous plotters in order to strike at honest Iraqis and the upcoming Iraqi resistance." Lest anyone doubt where the Arafat-appointed preacher's sympathies may lie, he concluded his harangue by praying for victory for the Palestinians and Iraqis "against the Jews, Britain, and the United States and their allies."
It would be easy to dismiss all this as just more of the same boisterous Middle Eastern rhetoric that often characterizes this part of the world. Easy, but dangerously misguided. After all, television and radio stations throughout the Arab world are not independent outlets broadcasting a range of views. They are mouthpieces for their respective regimes, feeding the public a stream of pre-approved, carefully calibrated messages for public consumption. They represent the ideas and attitudes which the governing powers wish to convey to their subjects. As such, the pattern that emerges is clear and unequivocal: The Arab world still hates America and everything it represents. There may be lots of shock ringing throughout Arab capitals, but there appears to be very little awe.
Michael Freund served as deputy director of communications and policy planning under former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. He is currently a columnist for The Jerusalem Post.
ABU MAZEN FUNDED 1972 MUNICH OLYMPIC MASSACRE; his tanzin Fatah responsible for murder of security guard and IDF soldier; holocaust denier, suicide murder supporter is no moderate.
Call the President and ask him about the attempted assasinations on his father and Colin Powell by member of his cabinet. Jordan is 78% Palestine for Arabs only. Israel is only 22% of its mandate and a 4 hour walk. 1-202-456-1111.
On this Holocaust Remenbrance Day don't be silent. Fight moderation of murderers and hate and Holocaust deniers.
© 2003 WorldNetDaily.com
TROUBLE IN THE HOLY LAND
Arafat's New PM Behind Munich Olympics Attack?
By Steve K. Walz
Terror mastermind says 'moderate' leader praised by Bush financed 1972 rampage killing 11 Israelis.
President Yasser Arafat's newly appointed Palestinian Authority prime minister does not have the pristine past touted by his supporters, charges an Israeli civil rights group.
Mahmoud Abbas, known as Abu Mazen, provided financing for the terrorist attack that killed 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Germany, says Israeli attorney Nitsana Darshan-Leitner, director of the Shurat Hadin - Israel Law Center.
In a letter to President George W. Bush and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, Darshan-Leitner called for an investigation into Abu Mazen's role in the Sept. 5, 1972, attack, carried out by Arafat's central Palestinian Liberation Organization faction Fatah.
The terrorist group, operating under the name "Black September," sent a squad of armed Palestinians to attack dormitories housing the Israeli Olympic team. The gunmen murdered a coach and a member of the weightlifting team, then took nine other Israelis hostage. The Palestinians demanded they be transported to the Munich airport where a rescue attempt by German police failed, and all nine hostages were murdered.
Last week, President Bush praised Abu Mazen as "a man dedicated to peace," indicating he would invite him to the White House for talks after his cabinet was installed. The Palestinian parliament meets today to confirm the new prime minister as head of a cabinet created under international pressure to curb Arafat's powers as president.
Shurat Hadin claims it has contacts within the Palestinian Authority itself who point out the hypocrisy of Abu Mazen's insistence he has never been involved in terrorism.
The Israeli group also notes the mastermind of the Munich attack, Mohammed Daoud Oudeh, or Abu Daoud, claims Abu Mazen provided the funds to carry out the Black September attack.
Daoud made that charge in his 1999 French language memoir, "Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich," and again in an interview last August with Don Yaeger of Sports Illustrated magazine.
Abu Daoud said he was angered by the dozens of Palestinian terrorists allowed to return to the Palestinian territories as a result of the Oslo process while he remained persona non grata to Israel and the United States. Abu Mazen, Daoud complained, is now considered "respectable" even though he also was involved in the Munich attack.
Abu Mazen, part of the Palestinian hierarchy for nearly four decades, has served as PLO executive committee chairman.
In his book Abu Daoud states:
"After Oslo in 1993, Abu Mazen went to the White House Rose Garden for a photo op with Arafat, President Bill Clinton and Israel's Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres.
"Do you think that ... would have been possible if the Israelis had known that Abu Mazen was the financier of our operation? I doubt it."
In the Sports Illustrated interview, he added: "Today, the Bush Administration seeks a Palestinian negotiating partner 'uncompromised by terror,' yet last year Abu Mazen met in Washington with Secretary of State Colin Powell."
Daoud also was interviewed about the Munich massacre for a film called "One Day in September," produced by John Battsek and Arthur Cohn for Sony Pictures Classics. Director Kevin Macdonald said Abu Daoud admitted Black September was merely the cover name adopted by Fatah members when they wanted to carry out terrorist attacks.
The PLO operative recalled how Arafat and Abu Mazen both wished him luck and kissed him when he set about organizing the Munich attack.
The Shurat Hadin letter to President Bush said:
"Under your leadership the United States has declared that it will no longer conduct diplomacy with those tainted by terrorist pasts. It appears that the new Palestinian leader to which the United States and Israel are now pinning all their hopes, was also involved in murderous attacks perpetrated by the PLO's Black September. Abu Mazen's alleged role in the brutal killing of the Israeli athletes and American citizen David Berger must also preclude his involvement in the negotiations between Israel and their Arab neighbors."
Abu Mazen also has been criticized for a 1983 book in which he suggested the figure of 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust was "peddled" by the Jews. In "The Other Side: The Secret Relationship between Nazism and the Zionist Movement," he said the Zionists collaborated with the Nazis to murder Jews in a plot to gain sympathy for creation of the state of Israel.
Nevertheless, as one of the PLO architects of the Oslo Accords, Abu Mazen is regarded by Europe and the United States as the best hope to lead the Palestinians to renewed negotiations, known as the "road map" to peace.
His supporters also point to statements he has made against the Palestinian armed struggle, or Intifada, as evidence of his moderate credentials. However, analysts, such as the Middle East Media Research Institute contend his position has been primarily pragmatic, based on strategic reasons.
Steve K. Walz is an American journalist who moved to Israel from New York just prior to Sept. 11, 2001. He is currently a member of the Foreign Press Association and hosts a weekly newsmagazine program in English on Israeli radio.
For Immediate Release April 29, 2003
ISRAELI CIVIL RIGHTS GROUP ACCUSES ABU MAZEN OF HAVING FUNDED 1972 MUNICH OLYMPIC MASSACRE, CALLS FOR PROBE OF PALESTINIAN PM'S ROLE
Letter to German and American Leaders Alleges that New
P.A. Prime Minister Financed "Black September" Terror
Attack Which Killed 11 Athletes Including U.S. Citizen.
The Israeli civil rights group Shurat Hadin has announced a campaign to convince U.S. and German law enforcement agencies to open an investigation into the role of newly-appointed Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Abu Mazen in the massacre of eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Germany.
On September 5, 1972, a squad of heavily armed Palestinian terrorists attacked the dormitories housing the Israeli Olympic team and murdered a coach and weight-lifter David Berger, who was an American citizen. The terrorists then took nine Israeli athletes hostage. While the terrorists and their hostages were transported to the airport, the German police botched a rescue attempt and all nine of the athletes were murdered.
The director of Shurat Hadin, attorney Nitsana Darshan-Leitner, sent letters this week to U.S. President George W. Bush and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder containing new information indicating that that Abu Mazen (whose given name is Mahmoud Abbas) provided financing to the PLO's Black September terrorist group, in order to carry out the notorious terrorist attack at the 1972 Olympic Games.
While recent newsmedia profiles of Abu Mazen have accentuated the Palestinian leader's alleged "terrorism-free" personal history, the Shurat Hadin charges that in 1972, Abu Mazen, then a high ranking PLO official, provided financing for the terrorist attacks being perpetrated by Yassir Arafat's PLO faction Fatah under the nom de guerre Black September. Shurat Hadin is basing its information on published statements by the terrorist who masterminded the the Munich attack, Mohammed Daoud Oudeh ("Abu Daoud"). In his French-language autobiography, Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich, Abu Daoud describes the role of Abu Mazen in providing the funds to carry out the Black September Olympic attack.
Furthermore, in an interview with journalist Don Yaeger of Sports Illustrated Magazine in August 2002, Abu Daoud reiterated his charges that Abu Mazen supplied the money for the deadly attack.
In his memoir Abu Daoud states:
"After Oslo in 1993, Abu Mazen went to the White House Rose Garden for a photo op with Arafat, President Bill Clinton and Israel's Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres.
"Do you think that ... would have been possible if the Israelis had known that Abu Mazen was the financier of our operation?" Abu Daoud writes. "I doubt it." Today, the Bush Administration seeks a Palestinian negotiating partner "uncompromised by terror," yet last year Abu Mazen met in Washington with Secretary of State Colin Powell."
Abu Daoud's allegations have been confirmed by sources within the Palestinian Authority, according to Shurat Hadin.
Attorney Darshan-Leitner's letter to President Bush states: "Under your leadership the United States has declared that it will no longer maintain contacts with those tainted by terrorist pasts. It appears that the new Palestinian leader, on whom the United States and Israel are now pinning their hopes, was also involved in murderous attacks perpetrated by the PLO's Black September. If proven true, Abu Mazen's role in the brutal killing of the Israeli athletes and American citizen David Berger must preclude his involvement in the negotiations between the United States, Israel and her Arab neighbors."
Both Germany and Israel still have the legal jurisdiction to prosecute those involved in the Munich Olympic killings.
[Freeman Center Editor's Note: As a teenager, when I first studied the Holocaust, I was outraged and angry at both G-d and the Jewish people for allowing it to happen. But starting in the late 50's I began to learn more about Israel and Zionism, resistance and military triumphs of Israel. In 1960 I made my first trip to Israel and I knew that my soul had been repaired and I must always struggle for Israel's survival and security. Once Israel was established, the price for Jewish blood became very high as the IDF developed its military prowess. Then came 1993 and Oslo, and a Second Holocaust COULD be in Israel and the Jewish People's future. "Those who don't learn from history are condemned to REPEAT it." On this day of Yom HaShoah I am weeping again for Zion......Bernard]
WAR REVIVES DILEMMA:
Are Jews Assimilated?
By Jeffrey Zaslow
Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
Type "kill the Jews" into an Internet search engine and you'll find 5,100 entries filled with absurd accusations: that Jews forced the U.S. into war with Iraq, blew up the space shuttle, and masterminded the Sept. 11 attacks. In France, a poll shows that 26% of Jews are considering leaving the country because of anti-Semitism. In Spain, 72% of people surveyed say Spanish Jews are more loyal to Israel than to their home country. And in the U.S., according to FBI data, even though hate crimes against Muslims soared 1,600% in 2001, those 481 incidents were still less than half of the 1,043 hate crimes against Jews.
For many American Jews, the news is disheartening and confusing. By a multitude of measures, Jews are an assimilation success story in the U.S. -- accomplished, often well-regarded by neighbors, the "luckiest" Jews in history. And yet there is talk that American Jews are naively ignoring the storm clouds. Historically, in times of world turmoil, Jews have been targeted. Now again there's a confluence of issues -- America's strong support of Israel, anti-Western rage, the familiar backlash against Jewish achievement -- intensifying concerns about anti-Semitism.
"Some Jews are fooling themselves," says the Rev. Walter Michel, a retired professor from the Lutheran School of Theology in Chicago. "Translate anti-Jewish writings from the Arab world -- things that a billion people read and hear every day -- and it's venomous. It's worse than Nazi propaganda." In the U.S., the war has heightened rhetoric. Last month, Rep. James Moran (D, Va.) said in a public forum that Jews were leading the U.S. into war with Iraq. This was despite polls showing that just 52% of American Jews favored military action, compared with 62% for Americans overall. "If the war in Iraq goes wrong," asks Mr. Michel rhetorically, "whose fault will it be?"
For Jewish and non-Jewish Americans alike, there are warnings here. Both anti-Semitism and anti-Americanism are driven by a fear of democracy and modernity, by a need to find an explanation for "what's wrong," says Ruth Wisse, a Harvard professor now writing a book on "Jews and anti-Jews."
Judaism has always been a religion focused on commemoration-- of tyrants overcome, of the deliverance from slavery, of the tenacious survival of the Jewish people. In the modern era, this urge to commemorate often settles on the Holocaust, which many regard as a motivator for fightingcurrent anti-Semitism. Some Jews dwell on the atrocities, stressing the lessons for today. Others have trouble dealing with the awful past, or are embarrassed by it, or say enough already, it's time to move on. I see this tension in my own family. As a U.S. Army private during World War II, my father was among the liberators of the Dachau concentration camp. At a row of cattle cars, all filled with the mangled bodies of dead Jews, a fellow U.S.soldier turned to my dad and said, "If you're not careful, Zaslow, that's where you'll end up." The soldier knew my father was Jewish. Was he issuing a threat? A friendly warning?
For decades, my dad rarely spokeabout the horrors he saw that day in 1945. But lately, he's been obsessed with his memories. He gives Holocaust lectures at schools, and discusses anti-Semitism with anyone who will listen. My mother wishes he'd let the topic rest. As my dad talks, she often feels overwhelmed with emotion and asks him to stop. She keeps telling him she is living in the present. But truth is, World War II is a painful memory for her, too. Her brother had enlisted in the U.S. military, saying, "I've got to go. They're killing Jews." His B-17 bomber was shot down, his body never found. It might be healing if more Jews moved on from the Holocaust by mastering a middle ground: pressing forward, but not forgetting.
A large new Holocaust museum is rising on a busy street in my community in suburban Detroit -- replacing a far-smaller museum -- and part of me is glad it's there. Part of me wonders, though, what my non-Jewish neighbors think of this huge, sad structure, with prison-inmate stripes worked into its design. In the end, I was heartened to learn that most visitors to the current museum are non-Jews.
Some Jews argue that we should focus on the bonds we've built with so many non-Jews, rather than isolated anti-Semitic incidents. In a New Republic article last year on "ethnic panic" among American Jews, author Leon Wieseltier called us "the luckiest Jews who ever lived," adding: "The Jewish genius for worry has served the Jews well, but Hitler is dead. "Indeed, the nation's 5.2 million Jews can focus on some bright spots. Few Americans see Joseph Lieberman's religion as a factor in his presidential run, and polls show that most Americans support Israel, even if they question Israeli policies. Though a 50% intermarriage rate threatens the religion's future, it also suggests that anti-Semitism is waning: More non-Jews are welcoming Jews into their families. About 74% of Americans have a "favorable" opinion of Jews, according to a 2002 Pew Research Center poll. That's down from 82% in 1997. But my father, for one, says numbers can never be the whole story. In a letter he wrote to his parents the day he saw Dachau, he described the crematorium, the liberated inmates beating Nazi guards, the stacks of bodies. "Please believe me," he wrote. "I am telling you what I saw."Fifty-eight years later, he feels it's crucial to keep repeating his eyewitness account. A part of him is still that 20-year-old soldier, standing by those boxcars, being told that as a Jew, he'd better be careful.
The Jerusalem Post
THE CHANGING FACE OF MEMORY:
Who Defended The Warsaw Ghetto?
By Moshe Arens
Holocaust Day, April 29, 2003, will be the 60th anniversary of the outbreak of the revolt in the Warsaw Ghetto.
The revolt, the first uprising against the Germans in World War II, and the most prominent act of Jewish resistance to the German slaughter of the Jews of Europe, has become a symbol of heroism. It was a desperate battle that pitted a small group of Jewish fighters against the might of the German Army, a battle for the dignity of man and the honor of the Jewish people.
Intense fighting in the ghetto between Jewish fighters and German army units assisted by Ukrainian and Latvian militias and Polish policemen lasted for about a month, while Jewish fighters who continued to hide in the many underground bunkers that had been built in the ghetto continued fighting for several weeks thereafter. The commander of the German assault on the ghetto was SS-Gruppenfuehrer Maj.-Gen. Juergen Stroop. He "declared victory" over the Jews on the evening of May 16 and to celebrate his victory he dynamited the great synagogue on Tomalckie Street, abandoned by its Jewish worshipers.
What remained of the ghetto - after the Germans had used flame-throwers to burn down many of the buildings - was dynamited, leaving only a heap of rubble where the ghetto that had once housed more than half a million Jews once stood.
The revolt was not one of the major battles of World War II - not Stalingrad or the Allied landing in Normandy.
But it is remembered as one of the most significant events of that war. It occurred when the war had reached the stage that Winston Churchill referred to as "the end of the beginning" - after Montgomery's defeat of Rommel in the Western Desert, after the American landing in North Africa, after the surrender of Field Marshal von Paulus at Stalingrad, while Allied bombers were raiding the cities of Germany night and day.
The German murder machine had by this time already moved into high gear. The Treblinka gas chambers were operating at full capacity. More than 300,000 of Warsaw's Jews had been dispatched there from the Warsaw Ghetto in the summer of 1942 in the "Great Liquidation."
News of the German campaign to exterminate the Jews in the areas under their rule had reached Washington and London. On August 1, 1942, while the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto was already in progress, Gerhard Riegner, the representative of the World Jewish Congress in Switzerland, learned from a German industrialist that Hitler had ordered the extermination of the Jews of Europe, and that they were to be gassed. A week later, after having sought further confirmation of the information he had received, Riegner asked the US vice-consul in Geneva to transmit a cable with the information to Rabbi Stephen S. Wise in New York, head of the American Jewish Congress. The message reached Wise only at the end of August.
On December 8, 1942, Wise, at the head of a delegation of American Jews met with president Franklin D. Roosevelt in order to put the awesome information before him. It was not the first time that Roosevelt had came face to face with news of the tragic fate of European Jewry. Jan Karski, a member of the Polish underground, working as a courier for the Polish government-in-exile in London, visited the Warsaw Ghetto in August of 1942, before succeeding in smuggling himself to London and from there continued to Washington.
In November 1942 Karski met Anthony Eden, the British foreign secretary, in London, and thereafter he met with Roosevelt in Washington. He described the horrendous circumstances of Polish Jewry to both leaders, but the response in London and Washington was, if not indifference, then apathy. The Allied leaders had greater concerns than the survival of the Jewish people.
WHEN THE revolt in the ghetto broke out in April 1943, all of Warsaw was aware of the fighting. The news of the revolt was transmitted to the Allied capitals by the Polish underground, but no help came for the Jewish fighters - not from the US or England, nor from the Soviet Union; not even a sign of recognition or an acknowledgement by the Allies of the battle raging in the ghetto. The Jewish fighters in the Warsaw Ghetto were unknown soldiers, isolated from the world. Only two years later, after the end of the war, did their valiant battle receive universal recognition.
Two organizations of Jewish fighters had been preparing themselves for the revolt. Best known by the initials of their Polish names, they were: ZOB (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa) led by Mordechai Anielewicz, and ZZW (Zidowski Zwiazek Woskowy) led by Pawel Frenkel. Considerable rivalry and even animosity existed between the two groups, all attempts at uniting them having failed. Only a semblance of coordination between them was established prior to the revolt.
The formation of ZOB had been preceded by an anti-fascist bloc formed by Socialist Zionist youth groups in the ghetto in March 1943. In July 1943, after the start of the "Great Liquidation," a Jewish combat organization, ZOB, was formed by the Socialist Zionist youth groups, Hashomer Hatzair and Dror Hehalutz, and the General Zionist youth group, Akiva. They were soon joined by the other Socialist Zionist youth groups in the ghetto, as well as by the anti-Zionist Socialist Bund, and the communists.
ZOB was organized into individual squads, each composed of fighters all belonging to the same youth movement. It was felt that the ideological affiliation and familiarity between members would strengthen the fighting ability of each fighting unit. Anielewicz was chosen as the commander, to be supported by a staff composed of representatives of the major constituent groups, the leading members of which were Yitzhak Cukierman of Hehalutz-Dror, and Marek Edelman of the Bund. According to Cukierman, ZOB's deputy commander, its entire weapons store at the beginning consisted of one revolver. ZOB had great difficulty in acquiring the weapons needed for the revolt, receiving only minimal assistance from the Polish underground.
Just how difficult the situation was is demonstrated by a letter Anielewicz wrote on March 13, 1943 to the Polish underground Home Army command: "Are we prepared? Materially, very badly. Of the 49 pieces allocated to us, only 36 are serviceable, and this because of lack of ammunition This is a catastrophic situation." On the fourth day of the uprising he wrote to Cukierman, who at the time was the ZOB's liaison outside the ghetto with the Polish underground, that the pistols were of little importance and that "we badly need grenades, rifles, machine-guns, and explosives."
ZZW WAS headed by Pawel Frenkel of the Revisionist youth movement Betar; his deputies were David Apfelbaum and Leon Rodal. It was better trained and better equipped. It had been founded almost immediately after the German conquest of western Poland and included a number of men who had served with the Polish Army as officers during the German invasion in September 1939, as well as members of Betar who had received military training in the cells established by the IZL in Poland prior to the war.
Apfelbaum had been a Polish officer and through his acquaintance with Major Henryk Iwanski, who had commanded his regiment during the battles against the invading German army, he had already arranged the first acquisition of arms for ZZW at the end of 1939. Iwanski was a member of the Polish underground Security Corps (KB), which subsequently became a part of the Polish underground Home Army (AK). He and his unit assisted ZZW in the training and acquisition of weapons and ammunition and participated together with ZZW fighters in some of the battles of the revolt.
Frenkel had succeeded in establishing contact with Captain Cezary Ketling, one of the leaders of another Polish underground group, PLAN, which also provided assistance to ZZW. ZZW had succeeded in digging two tunnels under the ghetto walls providing contact with the outside and allowing smuggling of arms into the ghetto.
Thus, when the revolt broke out on April 19, 1943, ZZW was better prepared than ZOB.
Anielewicz, in his early 20s at the time, had been a leading member of Hashomer Hatzair in Poland and had continued educational work among his movement's members under the German occupation up to the time he took command of ZOB. He had had no prior military training, but was endowed with leadership qualities that made him the obvious choice to command ZOB. Frenkel, also in his early 20s, had been a member of Betar in Warsaw for a number of years before the war and received some military training in one of the IZL cells. To both organizations it seemed obvious that leadership under the circumstances must be entrusted to young fighters rather than to the older political leadership that was present in the ghetto.
ONLY THOSE who are acquainted with the fratricidal animosity that characterized the relationship in the years leading up to the war, between the Socialist Zionist parties and the Revisionist Zionist party headed by Zeev Jabotinsky, can begin to comprehend the inability or unwillingness to unite the two Jewish military organizations at that desperate time. The movements that founded ZOB and its precursor organization, the anti-fascist bloc, considered Betar to be a semi-fascist movement, whereas they saw themselves as representing all the workers' parties and progressive movements in the ghetto.
The Socialist Zionist movements, like Hashomer Hatzair, Hehalutz-Dror, Left Poalei Zion, and Poalei Zion, found it easier to bring the anti-Zionist Bund and the communists into their ranks than to unite with ZZW. They all seem to have been united in their disdain for the Revisionist youth. Edelman, after the war, referred to the ZZW as "a gang of porters, smugglers, and thieves." Cukierman, as well, spoke of them in most uncomplimentary terms, claiming that they had cooperated with reactionary Polish organizations. The initiative undertaken by senior Revisionist leaders in the ghetto to unite the two fighting movements was rejected by the ZOB.
AFTER THE "Great Liquidation," only about 60,000 Jews remained in the ghetto. They now lived in three unconnected Jewish sectors, the central sector that contained the houses inhabited by part of the surviving Jewish population, and two German workshop areas where Jewish slave-laborers were producing goods for the German war machine - the Brush Workshops and the Toebbens-Schultz factories. In each of these areas there were ZOB and ZZW fighting units. The ZOB units at the Brush Workshops were commanded by Edelman. The headquarters of both organizations were located in the central sector: ZOB was headed by Anielewicz at Mila Street 39, ZZW headed by Frenkel, Apfelbaum, and Rodal at Muranowski Street 7. They were prepared to meet the German assault.
On orders from SS Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler to bring about the total liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto, SS Obergruppenfuehrer Friedrich-Wilhelm Krueger, the higher SS and police leader of the general-government the Germans had established in occupied Poland, charged SS Oberfuehrer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg, commander of the SS and the police in the Warsaw district, with the task.
On the morning of April 19, 1943, Sammern-Frankenberg led his force into the central ghetto area. Ambushed by ZOB fighters as they entered the ghetto, the Germans fled in panic. Sammern-Frankenbergg was promptly removed and the following day, SS Gen. Stroop was in charge of the German attack on the ghetto.
Only scant documentation is available regarding the fighting in the following days and weeks. Dr.Yosef Kermish, at the time head of the Yad Vashem archives, wrote in 1965 in his preface to a collection of documents on the Warsaw Ghetto revolt: "As for the revolt itself and the actual preparations for it, the Jewish and Polish sources are regretfully not sufficiently adequate . As for the development of the revolt, these sources only describe the street-fighting of the first days that occurred in the area, and unfortunately even these reports are no more than fragmentary What is missing in the Jewish and Polish sources regarding the revolt must necessarily be complemented from German sources that were written by the enemy himself. The most important of the German documents regarding the revolt are the reports of SS Brigadefuehrer Juergen Stroop, that were written at the time of the events themselves".
STROOP WAS the archetypal Nazi - a sadistic anti-Semite who took joy in hunting Jews, whom he considered sub-humans. He remained unrepentant right up to his execution in Warsaw, after being convicted of war crimes. In the Warsaw Mokotow prison awaiting his trial, he regaled his cellmates with stories of how he had succeeded in liquidating the Warsaw Ghetto. One of them, Kazimierz Moczarski, a Pole accused of activity against the Polish Communist regime, relates in his book Conversations With The Hangman, that when describing how he had dynamited the great synagogue on Tlomackie Street his eyes sparkled with enthusiasm.
"What a wonderful sight! I called out Heil Hitler! and pressed the button. A terrific explosion brought flames right up to the clouds. The colors were unbelievable. An unforgettable allegory of the triumph over Jewry. The Warsaw Ghetto has ceased to exist. Because that is what Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler wanted."
Stroop was awarded the Iron Cross first class, for his suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto revolt.
Stroop sent daily reports on the action in the ghetto to Krueger. A summary report was written by Stroop on May 16 and read on May 18 in Krakow before an assembly of SS and police chiefs presided over by Krueger. It is from these reports that a picture begins to emerge on the course of the revolt.
In examining Stroop's reports one's attention is drawn to the following statement that appears in his report: "The main Jewish combat group in which participated also Polish bandits, retreated already on the first or second day to a place called Muranowska Square. There it was reinforced by a significant number of Polish bandits. The group wanted to fortify itself in every way possible in order to prevent us from penetrating. On the roof of a concrete building they raised the Jewish flag and the Polish flag, as a signal of war against us . In this firefight with the bandits fell SS Untersturmfuehrere Demke."
Stroop returns to this battle in his conversations with Moczarski in the Warsaw prison cell: "The matter of the flags was of great political and moral importance. It reminded hundreds of thousands of the Polish cause, it excited them and united the population of the General-Government, but especially Jews and Poles. Flags and national colors are a means of combat exactly as a rapid-fire weapon, like thousands of such weapons. We all knew that - Heinrich Himmler, Krueger, and Hahn [Obersturmbannfuehrer Ludwig Hahn, commander of the Security Police in Warsaw]. The Reichsfuehrer [Himmler] bellowed into the phone: 'Stroop, you must at all costs bring down those two flags.'"
IT WAS in Muranowska Square and the neighboring houses on Muranowski Street that ZZW fighters armed with rifles, sub-machine guns, machine guns, and Molotov cocktails, had established fortified positions and succeeded in holding up the advance of the German forces during an entire day's fighting on the second day of the revolt, April 20, 1943. It was the scene of recurrent fierce battles between ZZW and Stroop's forces. This is corroborated by testimony given after the war by a number of Iwanski's men who participated in these battles.
Here heavy casualties were sustained by the ZZW, losing many of its leading fighters. Apfelbaum and Rodal were mortally wounded in fighting that raged on April 27 and 28. Iwanski's brother, Edvard, fell in Muranowska Square, his son, Roman was mortally wounded, and Iwanski himself was wounded during those days.
Many years later, in 1993, a Polish woman, Alicja Kaczynska, who had lived during the war on the even-numbered side of Muranowski Street outside the ghetto, opposite ZZW headquarters, published a book of war-time reminiscences, At The Gates Of Hell. In it she recalls the flags the ZZW had raised over the ghetto.
"On the roof opposite we could see people coming and going, and we could see that each of them was armed with some kind of weapon. At one moment we witnessed an exceptional sight on that roof - a blue-and-white flag and a red-and-white flag were raised. We all cheered. Look! Look! The Jewish flag! The Jews have taken Muranowska Square! Our voices echoed on the stairs. We hugged each other, hugged and kissed."
After the war Edelman questioned Stroop in Mokotow prison, asking him in which location aside from Muranowska Square there had been fierce fighting. Stroop replied: "Today I cannot say with the same precision as I said about Muranowska Square. I also remember the Brush Factory, but I cannot retell it precisely."
During the entire revolt there was fighting throughout the ghetto by ZOB and ZZW fighters. The fiercest and possibly the most important battle of the revolt, lasting several days, seems to have been waged by ZZW in the area of Muranowska Square. Yet the story of the heroic struggle in the Warsaw Ghetto, the myth of Jewish heroism that has captured the imagination of so many, has left little room for the participation of the fighters of the ZZW in the revolt. Maybe this was inevitable, since none of the leaders of the underground organized by Betar survived the revolt.
TO THE best of our knowledge, after surviving the fighting at Muranowska Square, Frenkel, together with some of his comrades, fell in a battle with German troops and Polish police on May 11 in Warsaw. Apfelbaum and Rodal did not survive the revolt. Most of the ZZW fighters, including all but one of its senior commanders, were killed in the revolt. Kalman Mendelson, a former officer in the Polish Army and one of the founders of ZZW, never fully recovered from the wounds he sustained in the fighting at Muranowska Square and in the Polish uprising in Warsaw in August 1944, and spent the rest of his life in Polish hospitals and convalescent homes.
The story of the revolt has come down to us primarily through two ZOB leaders who survived the fighting - Cukierman, who was the ZOB's liasion to the Polish underground outside the ghetto during the revolt, and Edelman. In his book, The Ghetto Fights, published shortly after the war, Edelman makes no mention of the ZZW in his description of the revolt. Cukierman, on arriving in Israel after the war, spoke disparagingly of the ZZW, claiming that they had left the ghetto on the third day of the revolt.
Political considerations appear to have colored their reports of the fighting in the ghetto. Indicative of this is a report sent by The Jewish National Committee in Warsaw to the London Representation of Polish Jewry on May 24, 1944, signed by A. Berman, Yitzhak Cukierman, Shimon Gottesman, and Yosef Sak, which contains the following passage: "Let the Workers' Movement throughout the world know that the organizers of the Warsaw Ghetto revolt and its leadership were The Workers' Movement for Labor Eretz Yisrael and that hundreds of the fighters struggled and fell inspired by this ideal, so that their death will be one of the foundations for a socialist future of the Jewish masses in Eretz Yisrael."
For the ZZW there was nobody left to present their side of the story.
Sixty years have passed since the outbreak of the revolt in the Warsaw Ghetto. As it becomes a legend it should be freed of political bias and made to conform as closely as possible to the actual course of events. This is a debt we owe to the heroes of the revolt.
EAST AND WEST PALESTINE
By Ariel Natan Pasko
Was that East and West Pakistan? If a Palestinian state is born, East and West Palestine will suffer a similar end. Or, do they intend to carve up Israel to gain territorial contiguity? Will we be reduced to a Northern and Southern Kingdom? Will Tel-Aviv and the Galilee - formerly the coastal and northern parts of Israel - become disconnected from the Negev, the newly formed Southern State? Whatever they tell you know this, states collapse, countries or areas of a country merge with other states, and some ethic groups go extinct in time. East and West Palestine is just such a creature. It will be still born at best, on long-term international life-support. But that won't save it from the fait of East and West Pakistan! So, even if an illegitimate child-state is born, expect it's early demise.
Why you might ask? For starters, because there never was a independent Palestinian Arab State or identity. The closest thing they have to an independent identity is hatred of Jews and Israel, and the desire for statehood. If they achieved statehood and actually lived peaceably with Israel, their whole purpose to existence would end. History abhors a vacuum and the so-called 'Palestinian identity' will probably be subsumed in a greater Arab or Muslim identity. Beyond this, Jewish identity is STRONGER. Simply put, Israeliness not withstanding, Jewish identity, the connection to OUR ancient and modern HOMELAND, will prevail over a sick child-state and it's international doctor-backers. You know, I feel that the 'Quartet'- the United States, EU, UN and Russia - is about to play the role of Dr. Kevorkian (the suicide doctor). They're about to help the 'Palestinians' commit national suicide.
Why is this child-state doomed? Because it won't be a democracy. My proof, ask yourself, will Jews living in towns in Yesha - the West Bank and Gaza - be allowed to stay and be equal Palestinian citizens - including voting rights and electability to parliament - as Israeli Arabs can be in Israel? No, they're talking about ETHNIC CLEANSING, making 'Palestine' JUDENREIN. And a state born in such sin will never redeem itself. Who dreams otherwise? Shimon Peres? Yossi Beilin? The others who brought you the Oslo War? East and West Palestine will be a TERROR STATE and its eventual end will gladden the hearts of millions around the world.
If born, this moral-AIDS ridden Terror State won't be a democracy. Lacking democracy, freedom, and real control over their own lives, Arabs will continue to suffer deprivations at the hands of their 'leaders' and be used to attack Israel. Because it won't integrate the different elements of Arab society into an organic whole, they will never overcome their deeper inner contradictions. As long as they have an external enemy, the Jews, they might hold off the internal feud, but for how long? East and West Palestine won't last because they aren't the same societies.
Gaza is medieval, insular, Islamic, poverty stricken, overcrowded and in just plain language, 'a hell hole'. It has no culture beyond terrorism, and no chance of commerce or serious relations with Egypt its neighbor to the west. Cut-off from Israel who got tired of being attacked by them, with whom will they interact, the Bedouin of the Sinai? The 'West Bank' by contrast is more cosmopolitan. Although overwhelmingly Muslim, there are a significant minority of Christians. It has the potential to be more secular, more democratic, and more tolerant. Trade and cultural relations with Jordan exist and will continue to flourish. East and West Palestine will suffer from uneven development. If the child-state is born, and democracy does 'rear its ugly head', with its tolerance, pluralism, and western movies, music, and bars, you can count on the Ayatollahs and Sheikhs of Gaza to rant and rave against 'the infidels' in East Palestine.
For those of you who don't remember, East and West Pakistan fought a bloody civil war in 1971, and the outcome was Bangladesh, an independent state. Although both parts of Pakistan were Muslim - the only reason for its separation from India in 1947 in the first place - cultural and ethnic differences led to serious animosity between the two sides. But developmental inequality is what pushed the final button. East Pakistan was an economic basket case (as it continues to be today). 'Blessed' by being at the convergence point of several natural phenomena; the southern third of East Pakistan/Bangladesh sits on the mouth of the Ganges River, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. Never short of water, they regularly suffer from floods from the Ganges overflow and yearly Monsoons (hurricanes). A former International Relations professor of mine - originally from Thailand - once commented, that Bangladesh is situated in one of the harshest inhabited areas of the world. "Why would people want to live there?" He asked. "It would do the international community good, to simply move the entire population out of there. It would save a lot of lives, money, and time in disaster relief efforts."
East Pakistan - the more populous area - for years complained that they weren't getting their fair share of central government budgets. After a period of military rule, in December 1970, the East Pakistani Awami League won absolute control over the newly formed parliament. With the Awami League set to control the government and demanding autonomy for East Pakistan in a federated state, General Yahya - junta leader from West Pakistan - chose to disband the assembly and invaded the East. Civil war broke out and after a half a million Bengalis (East Pakistanis) were massacred, India invaded to establish order. Ultimately India recognized Bangladeshi independence, and so did the international community.
Is that the prognosis for East and West Palestine? Is a civil war or societal degeneration in the offing for the unborn child-state? Or would a partial birth abortion better serve the international community? East and West Palestine is an experiment doomed to failure from the start. Like my former professor's advice about Bangladesh, I suggest about East and West Palestine, that "It would do the international community good, to simply move the entire population out of there. It would save a lot of lives, money, and time..." Few things in life are certain, but these two are worth betting on; first, that East and West Palestine won't survive if born, and second, that the territorial integrity of the LAND OF ISRAEL will. The Jewish people didn't survive 2,000 years of dispersal and persecution, just to return to THEIR HOMELAND and then give it away to 7th century Arab imperialists!
Ariel Natan Pasko is an independent analyst & consultant. He has a Master's Degree in International Relations & Policy Analysis. His articles appear regularly on numerous news/views and think-tank websites, in newspapers, and can be read at: http://www.geocities.com/ariel_natan_pasko
(c) 2003/5763 Pasko
SURPRISE - SYRIA DISCOVERED TO BE A ROGUE TERRORIST NATION
by Emanuel A. Winston
Middle East analyst & commentator
Why, all of a sudden, has this Bush Administration decided to lift the veil of secrecy regarding Syria's role as another epi-center of Terror? It's been long in coming and Bush is to be congratulated for exposing Syria's role in building an advanced Chemical Missile system which is a major WMD (Weapon of Mass Destruction). But, the veil has only been partially lifted, so let's take a look at some of the other components and connect the dots.
Under President Hafez al Assad, Syria had been building its chemical and missile capability for over 30 years - with no objection from the U.N., E.U., U.S. - until now. Israeli Intelligence had long ago penetrated Syria's manufacturing capabilities in producing chemicals which kill as well as its collaboration with North Korea, China and Russia to extend the range of chemically loaded missiles.
All of this information was repeatedly reported to America's CIA, State Department and numerous Presidents. This Intelligence was disregarded by all the above.
Syria's accumulation of WMD (Weapons of Mass Death) was well known by world Intel agencies, particularly those of France, Germany and England, in addition to Russia, China and North Korea, who also acted as Syria's suppliers of materiéls, technology and scientists, etc. Syria's weapons' building program was well known so, why now the 'miraculous' discovery of Syria's deadly capability?
The old adage of "It depends upon whose ox is being gored" seems applicable.
Let us continue to connect those elusive dots:
It would appear that Syria came into focus when they began accepting Saddam's weapons for safe-keeping and later offering refuge to escaping Saddam's Ba'athist cohorts.
Syria's choice of being a haven for War Criminals and Terrorists is similarly well-known. Even as far back as the end of WWII, escaping high level Nazi war criminals found Syria an excellent safe haven. Some may recall Alois Bruner, the Nazi war criminal responsible for the deaths of many Jews who was well-received in Syria and may very well still be alive and living there safely. Others, like Abu Nidal, arch terrorist was similarly welcomed, although later expelled to Bagdad as a P.R. bone thrown to the White House.
Syria was and is the host to at least 10 major Terrorist organizations such as Hezb'Allah, Islamic Jihad, Hamas, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, among many others. There they not only could operate safely but they received money, training, weapons and shared intelligence between Syria's Secret Services and Iran. Because of the solid bases offered by Hafez al Assad, these Terrorist organizations could and did outreach to Europe, America and, of course, Israel. Terrorists are far more effective when they have stable bases from which to operate. Keep that thought as President Bush offers the PLO a whole state of their own to operate from.
Syria could task these hydra-headed Terror Organizations with missions against Israel and Americans as a reciprocal payback for services mutually rendered. Syria was identified as having been the source of the 1983 truck bomb massacre against the American Marine Barracks in Lebanon which killed 241 Marines. The order to retaliate was given by then President Ronald Reagan but, was rescinded by then Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger - "for political reasons". Syria had deep connections within the U.S. State Department and in Washington generally. We may never know the reasons unless we take over the Syrian Intelligence Headquarters as we did in Iraq.
James Baker, III, Secretary of State under Father Bush also visited Assad in Syria repeatedly, trying to bring Assad into line with America's plans and policies - to no avail. It was reported that Baker shared sensitive intelligence given to him by Israel from her own agents under deep cover in Syria. It was said that he was trying to improve his credibility with Assad. This allowed Assad to roll up Israel's Humint (Human Intelligence) network and those agents of Israel were back-tracked and killed. Of course, Baker denied that he had exposed the Israeli cell. Some may recall Baker's attitude about Jews when he was reported to have said: "F..k the Jews; they don't vote for us anyhow."
During Bill Clinton's term in office an effort was made to broker a peace favorable to Syria in a rather peculiar way. Israel was to withdraw from her excellent military position on the high ground of the Golan Heights, recovered from Syria after years of Syria's forces shelling the Jews on the plain beneath the Golan Heights.
Israel was to receive off-setting dollars and special equipment to compensate for her loss of direct electronic surveillance into Damascus - a military position which has prevented Syria from attacking Israel since 1973. Israel was to degrade her security, based on promises, much the same as is being offered in the so-called "Road Map" of today.
Syria couldn't start up a tank engine without Israel instantly knowing. The Clinton deal would then take Syria off of the U.S. State Department's list of Terrorist Nations. Some may recall the 27 official visits to Hafez al Assad by Clinton's Secretary of State Warren Christopher, pleading for Syria to lower her profile on supporting Terrorism so she could be taken off of the list of State Sponsors of Terrorism and initiate the process of receiving military and other aid. This would then allow American "defense" industries to sell or rather "gift" Syria from $20 to $40 Billion in tanks, aircraft, missiles, electronics - all paid for by U.S. tax-payers.
The transfer of 'free' military equipment was a well-developed scheme of political diplomacy, refined through Egypt who has received at least $2 Billion annually since 1979 - so far. American tax-dollars were defined as "grants" so the money went directly from the American Treasury to the American manufacturers. It was not a 'sale' requiring Congressional oversight because Egypt never had to pay for what by now may amount to at least $48 Billion dollars of American tax-payers' money. The clever idea was to buy Egypt's loyalty and create a country who would protect American interests in the region. That investment of $48 Billion plus, seems however, NOT to bind Egypt to America's wishes.
Syria was slated to receive the same 'free' package, courtesy of the American tax-payers. This is a dirty political trick that numerous presidential administrations have used making U.S. citizens into suckers. In any case, the deal at that time didn't go through because Assad could not bring himself to make any deal with the Israelis.
But, and it's a big BUT, that deal may be resurrected with U.S. Defense industries lobbying for another sweetheart deal for both Syria and Iraq.
On approximately March 25,(1) President Bush asked the Congress to allow him to sell American weapons and other defensive equipment to Iraq. There is a companion request that would repeal the Iraqi Sanctions Act of 1990. This would also allow Allies to sell military equipment to Iraq, "IF" it was in their national interests to do so. The game plan is to by-pass Congressional oversight plus provide lobbying Defense Industries with a windfall opportunity to sell weapons to Iraq, no doubt under a grant, so the American tax-payers would again subsidize these sales. As the Shi'ites of Iraq rise up with prodding by the Shi'ites of Iran, I wonder if the President still wishes to sell arms to the new Iraq under Shi'ite influence.
I have an uncomfortable feeling that the present P.R. attack against Syria is a two-edged sword. One 'edge' is realistic pressure by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and the President to halt Syria's assistance to Iraqi Ba'ath Party (Saddam's political power base) by President Bashar Assad. Ba'ath Party officials have been receiving sanctuary in Syria.
The other 'edge' is, after Syria's Bashar Assad makes certain efforts to placate the Bush Administration, there will be a push to take Syria off of the U.S. State Department's list of Terrorist nations opening up the doors for massive sales of armaments to Syria, all under the Sweetheart Plan enjoyed by Egypt for the 24 years.
To accomplish the feat of magic, the Bush Administration must return to the plan to force Israel off the Golan Heights, followed by the pretense that President of Syria, Bashar Assad, is seeking peace and, thus, can be taken off this list of Terrorist-Sponsoring Nations.
Presumably, this will be an extension of the Bush-Powell "Road (Rogue) Map" plan.
In the end, it will be Israel who will pay an extraordinarily heavy price having been forced into accepting another Arab Palestinian Terror State in her heartland and being pushed off of the Golan in the North, with hostile Syrian-Iraqi-Iranian troops poised over her head - plus a few Al Qaeda Terrorists who already have sanctuary in Syria and Iraq.
Naturally, Israel will receive the usual promises by the co-signers - none of which will be kept. This is only a partial glimpse into what's going on behind the scenes for Israel's future.
1. "Bush Seeks More Control Over Arms Exports" by Amy Svitak U.S. DEFENSE NEWS March 31, 2003
PART 2: SYRIA'S HISTORY AS A TERROR NATION
Syria, like Iraq, was ruled by a Ba'athist minority. The Assads were from the Alawite sect - a Muslim minority, while the majority of Syrians are Sunni Muslims. Former President Hafez al Assad and his generals ruled Syria with brutal repression. Hafez all Assad, knowing he would soon be dead of cancer, had hoped his first son would take the reins of power but, he was assassinated so Hafez had to switch the line of succession to Bashar, the weaker son and an unlikely leader. Hafez instructed his generals to keep Bashar as figurehead but to run the country in the same brutal fashion from behind the throne.
Even if Hafez had not given these instructions, the generals had to maintain the same grip lest the Sunni majority rise up and kill them all. (Note! The same thing is happening in Iraq as the Shi'ite majority is fast finding its strength, no doubt, urged on by Iran and will or already has started to take revenge against Saddam's brutal dictatorship.) The Alawite military in Syria had prepared Latakia, a city on the coast of the Mediterranean with the best armaments as a refuge, just as Saddam had prepared Takrit as his retreat.
Bashar has been greatly influenced by the Secretary General of Hezb'Allah, Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, a radical Shi'ite Islamist. President Bush has yet to face the reality of the cruelty inherent in Shi'ite Islam. Watch what happens during the Shi'ites first religious pilgrimage to Karbala when the participants beat and cut themselves with whips, swords and razors. They even hold their babies up to receive the splashes of blood. Watch what happens in Iraq as the Shi'ites build to their full power.
Syria was carved out of the Ottoman Empire by the French in 1920 and it became a Republic in 1946. Syria lost the Golan Heights in 1967 to Israel after the Syrians and Egyptians' planned and publicized their attack (which Jordan joined) against the Jewish State.
Syria was always Israel's most dedicated enemy but became even more so after their humiliating defeat in the battle for the Golan Heights. Hafez al Assad hated the Jewish State and swore he would maintain a war footing until Israel was destroyed. Syria was perhaps the leader in establishing a school curricula which taught Syrian children to hate and kill Jews from kindergarten through university. This same curricula was instituted by Yassir Arafat and the Palestinian Authority, resulting in several generations of Muslim children primed to hate and kill Jews.
Saudi Arabia, the Arab Palestinians, Iraq, Iran all followed suit, in effect establishing an irredentist mind-set to hate Jews and to dedicate their mature years to effectively destroy the Jewish nation. Syria, indeed, is a rogue nation but, no less than those other nations mentioned.
This Bush Administration has the belief that Israel could make sufficient gestures by giving away land won from the Arab nations in 6 wars of Arab aggression. Then the Arab nations would forgive the Jews for defeating them on the field of battle and forget their humiliations. That is just plain naive for the President of America but suicidal for Israel to believe in pacification of unremitting enemies via the spurious concept of Land for Peace. There are those nations who already know this and operate on the assumption that, if they can get Israel to cooperate in its own destruction - then the Arabs will settle down.
I see George W. Bush as a decent man, trapped in the tangle of his own government. Regrettably, as the President of the most powerful nation on this planet, he commits others to extinction 'merely' by mistakenly expressing himself in a June 2002 speech in favor of another Arab Palestinian State west of the Jordan River.
With dismay, we observe Bush include a statement of the Saudi Prince Abdullah in his so-called "Road Map" which seemed to have originated within the U.S. State Department and transferred by Tom Friedman to Abdullah. To accept anything the Saudis offer is astonishing, given what we have learned about Saudi Arabia - especially since 9/11 when 15 of the Terrorists bombing America were Saudis and 4 were Egyptian.
This nation, besides being the incubator for Osama bin Laden and most of the 9/11 Terrorists, has funded radical Muslim clerics to teach Muslim children in America to hate America.
We know that Syria has been a Terrorist nation and has been building chemical and perhaps biological WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) for over 20 years. Yet, there are plans afoot to take Syria off the State Department List of Terrorist Nations and then pressure Israel to move off of the Golan Heights. America expects Israel to trust the signatures of assurance by the so-called "Quartet" (the U.S. State Department, the U.N., the E.U., and Russia) and the 'good will' of Syria.
We know Iran, as a radical Shi'ite nation, has been building WMD (Weapons of Mass Death) - particularly nuclear - and continues to pledge that Islam will be the final religion for the Planet Earth. This same goal is that of Saudi Arabia through their Wahabbi form of Islam.
As for the mix of Arabs self-dubbed "Palestinians", they will continue to reflect the teachings of Yassir Arafat and the goals of the nations mentioned above to ultimately occupy all of Israel with Jerusalem as the capital of the new Arab State of Palestine - regardless of any pledge of peace.
Let us hope that President Bush does not end up in the history books along with Pope Pius XII.
President Bush has been informed that Syria was a repository for WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) produced by Iraq and transferred in the mid 1990s. Syria has been a close operational associate of Saddam, now accepting Saddam's war criminals, seeking refuge, some coming with hundreds of millions of dollars stolen from their own people.
Perhaps this has been a wake-up call for the President as he takes another look at the Arab nations of Syria, Iran, Egypt - with respect to what they are really developing. In addition, to Iraq's hidden WMD development programs, each of the above nations have huge weapons' programs. Each of the above countries has extended range missiles, capable of carrying chemical and biological warheads.
Yes, even our "almost" ally Egypt who, with our free aid, has accumulated $48 Billion from American tax-payers which bought weapons, in addition to missiles from North Korea. Israel considers Egypt a great danger and not to be relied upon as a stable peace partner.
In Iran, their nuclear program has been in progress for years and is quite advanced.
Israel has deep experience in observing these Arab nations develop their weapons' programs and expect that they plan to use them. Israel knew long before all others and now President Bush, along with the American Congress and the American people have the opportunity to see Arab nations with clarity.
The Jerusalem Post, April 30, 2003
DELUDING OURSELVES ABOUT THE PALESTINIAN 'SECURITY ACE'
By Michael Freund
Passover may be behind us, but there is one plague that continues to haunt much of the region: that of wishful thinking. And, if the past decade is any guide, it is an affliction that can prove just as deadly as those described in the story of the Exodus.
Take, for example, the media's inexplicable romance with Muhammad Dahlan, the new Palestinian minister for state security. The New York Times this week labeled Dahlan the "Palestinian security ace", as though he were a beloved hero from an action film.
The Miami Herald called him a "moderate", while the Associated Press said he is "urbane" and "carefully coifed".
Of course, what the guardians of the public's right to know neglected to mention is that Dahlan has a nasty habit of trying to blow up school buses full of Jewish children. On at least three separate occasions in the past six years, Dahlan has reportedly been linked to such attacks.
His first attempt came on April 1, 1997, when Palestinian suicide bombers blew themselves up outside Netzarim and Kfar Darom in Gaza in an attempt to hit two Israeli schoolbuses packed full of students. In both cases, miraculously, no Israelis were hurt.
The Chief of General Staff at the time, Lt.-Gen. Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, said the bombers were wearing Palestinian police uniforms and that at least one, and possibly both, belonged to Dahlan's Palestinian Preventive Security Service (The Jerusalem Post, April 2, 1997).
Undeterred by his first failed attempt to kill Jewish kids, the "moderate" and "urbane" Dahlan tried again. On October 18, 2000, a busload of 40 Israeli women and children was attacked by gunfire and a bomb west of the Gush Katif junction in Gaza as it passed near a Palestinian police station. In this attack, too, no one was injured, but it was certainly not for lack of trying.
Two days later, Israeli intelligence concluded that Dahlan himself was behind the assault (Israel Radio, October 20, 2000).
Less than a month later, though, Dahlan finally got his wish when, at last, an Israeli schoolbus was consumed by flames. On November 20, 2000, a roadside bomb outside Kfar Darom blew up as a schoolbus drove by. Two adults on the bus were killed, and nine other Israelis were injured, including five children.
Among them were Tehilla, Yisrael and Orit Cohen, three beautiful young people who each had to have limbs amputated as a result of the blast.
Within days, Israeli intelligence had cracked the case and the trail once again led straight back to Dahlan. His second-in-command, Rashid Abu Shabak, is said to have personally supervised the preparation of the bomb, and other people under him were also involved in the planning and implementation of the attack (Ha'aretz, November 23, 2000).
Still another of Dahlan's men, Baha Said, was involved in an attack on November 18, 2000 in which two Israeli soldiers were shot to death in Kfar Darom. Rather than denouncing Said's actions, Dahlan reportedly eulogized him at his funeral, praising his actions and posthumously promoting him for killing Jews. (The Jerusalem Post, December 20, 2000).
In retaliation for Dahlan's involvement in the two November attacks, then-Prime Minister Ehud Barak ordered the airforce to take out one of Dahlan's command posts in Gaza, which it promptly did. The evidence against Dahlan was so compelling that the families of his victims took the bold step of filing civil suits against him one in the United States District Court in Washington, DC, and a second in the Jerusalem District Court.
In addition to his involvement in terror, Dahlan has also sheltered other terrorists from justice, chief among them Muhammad Dief, the number one terrorist on Israel's most-wanted list. Dief, widely considered to be the mastermind behind Hamas' suicide bombings and other terror attacks in recent years, is a close friend of Dahlan, and Dahlan is said to have helped him hide in Gaza (The Jerusalem Post, September 27, 2002).
Moreover, Dahlan has not hesitated to threaten Israel publicly with violence. Less than two months before the outbreak of the current intifada, Dahlan told a London-based Arabic newspaper that clashes with Israel were possible.
"The Palestinian people... knows how to defend itself", he said rather ominously. "The potential for resistance and steadfastness is now much greater... Now we have the necessary mechanisms and institutions in place... We also have the ability and the will to resist" (Al-Quds Al-Araby, August 4, 2000).
By now, it should be fairly obvious that Dahlan is no "security ace", he is not urbane, and he is most definitely not a "moderate". He is just another thug with plenty of Jewish blood on his hands, and it is simply appalling to watch how the media, and many Israelis, are falling all over each other to convince themselves, and the public, that he will bring us the much-longed for peace and security that we all desire.
Then again, after their recent love affair with the Holocaust-denying, "Zionism is Nazism" advocate Abu Mazen, it is hardly surprising that the media would be taken in by the dapper Dahlan. After all, he dresses smartly, speaks English and Hebrew, and never seems to have a bad hair day. The fact that he has spent much of his career overseeing the Palestinian version of Murder, Inc. apparently does not faze them one whit.
But hoping and longing for someone to be a moderate does not make them so, as all the wishful thinking since 1993 about Yasser Arafat has painfully demonstrated. Deluding ourselves about the true nature of our enemies is not only foolish. It is dangerous, too. Dahlan remains the ruthless terrorist he always was. And all the newspaper ink in the world can never change that.
The writer served as Deputy Director of Communications & Policy Planning in the Prime Minister's Office.
(c) The Jerusalem Post
DEVILS WEARING ANGELS' WINGS
By Richard H. Shulman
DIFFICULTY OF DISSEMINATING INDEPENDENT THOUGHT
The Arab-Israel conflict plays out as a whirlpool of selfish and ignorant people acting hypocritically and betraying others. Feigning objectivity, most of the media welcomes only a pro-Arab view. People being people, the smaller circulation pro-Israeli media does not welcome dissent, either. It hews to its ideological line. Its line is to hail Pres. Bush as a defender of Israel, and because he isn't, to urge him to stop supporting PLO statehood. It asserts that he is not always in tune with Israel, because he is promoting American national interests. Try get into the pro-Israel media the suggestion that he is not a defender of Israel. Try to suggest that he follows the State Dept. line, which is a subtle one of preparing Israel for the sacrifice but letting the Arabs strike the blow. Try to maintain that the goal of a PLO state would be bad both for Israel and for the US, for he acts contrary to the American national interest. You wouldn't get very far.
Few understand how power works. When workers were over-exploited, unions were the answer. When tenants were oppressed, rent regulation was sought. Then unions and rent controls attained peak power. The unions exploited the employers and the tenants exploited the landlords. Give the underdog power, and he abuses it. So it is in the world of ideas.
MORALITY AS A WEAPON IN WARFARE & PROPAGANDA
However bigoted and vicious the Arabs and the human rights groups are, they don't advance their agenda as a bigoted and vicious one. They pose as champions of decency and justice. Thus they claim that they are exercised against Israel because, they falsely allege, Israel is violating the Geneva Convention. Their accusations usually are vague, fail to exhibit an understanding of the background to the Convention, and decline to answer the opposing side's rebuttal. How sincere are their claims? Judge by their failure to hold the Arabs to the Geneva Convention. Iraq and the P.A. constantly commit war crimes and crimes against humanity. About those violations, the human rights groups are silent. They are hypocrites. Worse, they demean the standards of human rights, by acting perversely in their name.
Before Gulf War I, human rights groups and other opponents of the war predicted that the US would act brutally. Although the US has acted otherwise, its accusers don't relent. They do not accuse the Iraqis of brutality, although the Iraqis do act brutally. The human rights groups have not the moral courage and decency to admit that they were wrong about the US and are pleased with the extraordinary US effort to minimize civilian casualties.
ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIANS:
AN UNEQUAL RECIPROCITY OF SUICIDES
By Louis Rene Beres
21 April 2003
"There is but one truly serious philosophical problem," says Camus in The Myth of Sisyphus, "and that is suicide." Nowhere is Camus's fundamental observation currently more insightful than in the strangely interactive relationship between Israel and the Palestinians. Here, an imperilled Jewish State that wishes only to endure is now told to accept a "Road Map" for peace that is manifestly suicidal. For its part, Israel's principal Islamic terrorist adversary, choosing suicide as its very modus operandi, now prods Israel to hasten the pace of collective Jewish disintegration. The result of this reciprocal relationship is an overwhelmingly ironic synergy of suicides, an unrecognized mutuality between enemies that can assure sovereign life to "Palestine," but can offer only death to Israel.
Palestinian suicide bombers aspire to immortal life. They are urged on by the Arafat-appointed clergy's most recent call in the mosques: "Palestinians spearhead Allah's war against the Jews. The dead shall not rise until the Palestinians shall kill all the Jews... All agreements with Israel are provisional." That is why thousands of young Palestinians are willing to become suicides, to become martyrs for whom dying in the act of killing Jews is merely a temporary inconvenience - one that will bring true freedom from death.
Citizens of Israel do not share, collectively, the Palestinian commitment to immortality. Unlike their adversaries in the coming Road Map prepared by the United States, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations, they are altogether unwilling to become suicides. Yet, it is the Israelis, not the terrorists, who are now urged toward disappearance as a group. Seeking, sometimes desperately, merely to stay alive, the citizens of Israel are now told by the so-called "Quartet" to accept codified peace policies that would unambiguously compel national suicide. We should recognize, therefore, an ironic mirror image between Israel and the Palestinians. Yet, Israel, at least until now, sees only one side of the suicidal reciprocity, the individual self-destruction of Islamic terrorists. Arafat and his new "Prime Minister," on the other hand, see not only the temporary "deaths" of individual Muslims but also the resultant collective disintegration of a despised Jewish state. For Israel, the unacknowledged reciprocity may soon occasion intolerable security concessions, while for the Palestinians the acknowledged reciprocity would confirm that they are indeed embarked upon the only proper course - the theologically-correct road map to real and irreversible Arab victory.
For Israel, suicide is something "crazy," something only irrational terrorist enemies would actively choose as a strategy of confrontation. For the Palestinians, suicide is the very highest form of political engagement, a divinely-mandated method that rewards doubly when the enemy infidel is blind enough to cooperate in his own meaningless dying. For Israel, which may not yet understand that reciprocal suicide is the objective of PLO/Hamas/Islamic Jihad, its own Quartet-inflicted territorial dismemberment may continue to appear perfectly sensible. For the Palestinians, who understand that this reciprocal suicide is altogether asymmetrical (i.e., Palestinian suicides that yield individual paths to immortality are exchanged for permanent collective Israeli annihilation), the martyrdom of young Palestinians will be perfectly sensible. For Israel, still largely unaware that all world politics moves in the midst of death, individual enemy suicides could ultimately push the Jewish State to effectively renounce its national life. For Arafat and his successors, profoundly aware of the connections between death and world politics, Israeli complicity in rejecting Jewish national life in the Middle East will elicit more and more individual Muslim suicides until, at last, the lethal reciprocity is complete.
Camus's meditation on living or not living - on the implications of suicide - has tragic and vital meaning in the struggle betweeen Israel and the Palestinians. In the final analysis, this meaning must extend to associated questions of enduring or not enduring, and to related questions of rebellion. Should Israel now begin to yield not only to the temptation to endure, but also to the corollary obligation to reason, it might still have a chance to understand the true messages of suicide. Rejecting the chimera of a "Road Map," that paradise of debility now being drawn by President Bush et. al., the Jewish State could finally begin to revolt against a suicidal politics.
There are, even in our fantasy world of peace processes and road maps, crimes of passion and crimes of logic. Today, at a moment when many governments are immobilized by various fears of living and dying, Israel is confronted by both kinds of crime. What is more, Palestinian crimes of terrorism, surrounded by passion and effectively approved as "freedom fighting" by Europe, Russia and the entire Arab/Islamic world, are animated by logic. This logic of suicide is not, by any means, an oxymoron, as even death that is self-inflicted can play a survival role of enormous political importance in this struggle against "infidels." Israel must try to understand this logic while there is still time, to acknowledge that metaphysical rebellion is an Israeli imperative, and to recognize that the suicidal death of its individual enemies can produce not only the deaths of many additional individual Israelis, but also its own reciprocally collective death. Without such an understanding, the People of Israel may presently agree to certain imposed "Road Maps" only to pray regretfully later on for a second Flood.
LOUIS RENE BERES, educated at Princeton (Ph.D., 1971), is a
Professor of International Law, Department of Political Science,
Purdue University and is the author of many books and articles
dealing with Israeli strategic studies and international law. His
work is well-known to Israel's political, military,academic and
intelligence communities. Prof. Beres is the academic advisor to
the Freeman Center For Strategic Studies.
E MAIL: BERES@POLSCI.PURDUE.EDU