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Assad: A Serial Violator of Agreements
THE GOLAN HEIGHTS
AND THE FACTS!
Like every dictator, Assad considers agreements as a tactical-temporary means to achieve long-term strategic goals:
1. "Greater Syria" that includes Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel/Palestine;
2. Hegemony in the pan-Arab sphere.
Assad violates agreements with Jordan: Since 1953 Syria has violated all agreements it signed with Jordan for the supply of water from the Yarmuk River. Syria steals half of the Jordanian quota. King Abdullah complained to President Mubarak (in January, 2000) that Assad supplies Jordan with polluted water that is not even suitable for agriculture. The Yarmuk "faucet" serves Assad as a means of extortion for coercing Jordan to change its policy toward its Iraq, Iran, Israel, the US and the Muslim Brotherhood. Despite the official peace that prevails between the two states, Syria invaded Jordan in 1970 and threatened to invade in 1980 and 1989. Since his rise to power in 1970 Assad has worked to overthrow the Hashemite dynasty by means of terror and subversion (attempts to assassinate King Hussein and Prime Ministers, etc.).
Assad violates agreements with Turkey
Since 1987 three security treaties have been signed between Syria and Turkey. All have been violated by Syria. Assad undertook to cease his support for Kurdish anti-Turkish terrorism (the PKK) and to remove its bases from Syria and Lebanon in exchange for the supply of Euphrates water. Turkey has supplied the water, but Assad has persevered in his support for PKK terror, which has claimed 20,000 Turkish lives.
Assad violates agreements with Iraq
In 1975 Iraq threatened to invade Syria in the wake of Assad's violation of an agreement for the supply of Euphrates waters. In October 1978 Syria and Iraq signed a Treaty for National Cooperation. However, in 1979 they were on the verge of war after the revelation of Assad's alleged involvement in an anti-Saddam plot.
Assad violates Arab summit resolutions
Assad violates the Arab summit resolutions that call for the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Lebanon (the Riyyad/Cairo Summit -- October 1978, Fez -- September 1982, Taif -- October 1989). In defiance of the Taif resolutions of 1989, which called for the total evacuation of the Syrian army by 1991, Assad has strengthened his military presence in Lebanon. In October 1990 Assad exploited Iraq's invasion of Kuwait to carry out a massacre of the Christian leadership in Lebanon, entrenching his control of the country. Assad does not recognize Lebanese sovereignty (Syria has no ambassador in Beirut) and Lebanon does not appear on official Syrian maps of "Greater Syria," which also includes Israel.
Assad violates promises to the United States
In 1982 Assad made a commitment to Philip Habib, the U.S. envoy to the Middle East, to withdraw from Lebanon immediately after Israel did so. A year later, in May 1983, in a meeting with U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz in Damascus, Assad brazenly denied making this commitment.
Assad violates agreements with Israel
In 1973 Assad violated the armistice agreement of 1967. In 1975 he made use of Palestinian terrorist organizations in northern Jordan to violate the Disengagement Agreement of 1974. In 1977 he violated the "Red Line agreement" that limited Syria's presence in Lebanon to a regiment and prohibited the entry of fighter planes, tanks, artillery, and surface-to-surface missiles. From 1977 to 1982 Syria crossed the "Red Line" several times. Contrary to its commitment Syria did not reconstruct Kuneitra and deployed banned weaponry into the area.
Assad's assistance to Hizbullah, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and other terrorists constitutes a gross violation of the 1993 "Operation Accountability Understandings" that prohibit attacks on civilian targets and of previous agreements, regardless whether terrorism is carried out on the Golan or elsewhere.
When can one trust Assad? As long as agreements suit his interests or when he is threatened. In 1970 Syria gave up its attempts to conquer Jordan because of the mobilization of the IDF. In 1975 Assad stopped the wave of anti-Israel terror from northern Jordan following a strong response by the IDF. In 1977 he retreated to the "Red Line" in Lebanon as a result of an Israeli offensive.
In October 1998 he expelled from Syria the leader of PKK terrorism, Ojalan, fearing a Turkish threat to invade Syria. He refrains from terror through the Golan Heights because the IDF's tanks and artillery, there, are positioned 60 kilometers from Damascus.
Indeed, Assad is the ruler of a terrorist-state, a venomous anti-Semite who provides refuge to Nazi war criminals, mass murderer, trampler of human rights, leader of international terrorism, proliferator of weapons of mass destruction, chief drug trafficker, and serial violator of agreements.
Is this the person that Israel should reward with the Golan Heights?!