ISRAELI GOVERNMENT REPORT ON PA INCITEMENT July 1997
Editor's Note: We are tired of all these lists of PA violations. The Israeli government needs to act responsibly to stop these violations. Not just send out a list every month or so. The failure of the IDF and the government to enforce proper norms of peaceful behavior may appear to them as restraint. I assure you, the Palestinians see it as weakness and this encourages more aggression and attacks against Jews. This is an old lesson and should have been learned long ago...Bernard
Under the terms of the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority (PA) is obligated to refrain from incitement against Israel and to take measures to prevent others from engaging in it.
In his exchange of letters with Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on September 9, 1993, Chairman Yasser Arafat wrote, "the PLO renounces the use of terrorism and other acts of violence and will assume responsibility over all PLO elements and personnel in order to assure their compliance, prevent violations and discipline violators."
The Interim Agreement (Oslo 2) of September 28, 1995 (Article XXII) states that Israel and the PA, "shall seek to foster mutual understanding and tolerance and shall accordingly abstain from incitement, including hostile propaganda, against each other and, without derogating from the principle of freedom of expression, shall take legal measures to prevent such incitement by any organizations, groups or individuals within their jurisdiction."
In the Note for the Record which accompanied the Hebron Protocol of January 15, 1997, the Palestinians reaffirmed their commitment regarding, "Preventing incitement and hostile propaganda, as specified in Article XXII of the Interim Agreement."
Following are recent statements made by Palestinian officials which constitute incitement and hostile propaganda against Israel. Such statements are a violation of the Oslo Accords.
"O our beautiful land imprisoned in a cage and surrounded by wolves, My shaded garden, the tormentors have destroyed you, and the dogs have settled in you, O Jerusalem, O my city, With my notebook and pencil and the fire of my rifle I will shatter the cage, I will kill the wolves and plant the flag, The dogs will not bark in the heroic cities."
--- poem read on the Voice of Palestine, the official radio station of the Palestinian Authority, on May 22, 1997 during the morning news program "A New Day". It was read as part of a series of "Songs of the Homeland." The same poem was read on the Voice of Palestine during the September 1996 riots, in which 85 Israelis and Palestinians were killed.
"I now see the walls of Jerusalem, the mosques of Jerusalem, the churches of Jerusalem. My brothers! With blood and with spirit we will redeem you, Palestine! Yes, with blood and with spirit we will redeem you, Palestine!"
--- PA Chairman Yasser Arafat, addressing a crowd in Tulkarem (Voice of Palestine, April 28, 1997)
"Israel is attempting to obstruct peace. If Israel continues to succeed in this approach, then she is destroying the peace process. The only option remaining for us will be an alternative option. ..war. Allow me to say that it takes only one side to start a war. At the end of the path on which Israel is proceeding, a declaration of war awaits."
--- PA Minister for Jerusalem Affairs Feisal Husseini in a newspaper interview (Al-Ittihad, May 18, 1997)
"We shall always stand against them, threaten their future, and not permit them to expand. We shall stand with all our might against any attempted settlement effort. If they do not implement the agreement, we shall determine what the essential locations are in each settlement, and we will turn the lives of the settlers into hell."
--- Imad Mazen Izz al-Din, the PA's Political Instructor for National Guidance (Al-Hayat Al-Jadeeda, April 30, 1997)
"All options are open for defending the land of the Palestinian people."
--- PA Planning Minister Nabil Shaath, at a forum in Khan Yunis (Al-Hayat Al-Jadeeda, April 30, 1997)
"The Zionist entity exists on seized land. The Jews remain enemies because they expropriate lands, build settlements and pay high sums to buy properties. They are the greatest enemies of us Muslims."
--- PA Mufti Ikrama Sabri in a newspaper interview (The New York Times, May 18, 1997)
"The struggle we are waging is an ideological struggle and the question is: where has the Islamic land of Palestine gone? Where is Haifa and Jaffa, Lod and Ramle, Acre, Safed and Tiberias? Where is Hebron and Jerusalem?"
--- Yusuf Abu Sneineh, preacher at Al-Aqsa Mosque, in a Friday prayer sermon (Voice of Palestine, May 23, 1997)
"We did not pay with the dear blood of thousands of martyrs so that the Israeli government could establish settlements on our land in the name of peace. We have sacrificed in the past and we will be ready to sacrifice again in the future for the sake of liberating our land and returning it to the bosom of the Palestinian nation and for the sake of establishing an independent Palestinian state whose capital is Jerusalem."
--- from a statement issued by the PA cabinet in Nablus on May 16, 1997 (Voice of Palestine, May 17, 1997)
"It is our right to ban the sale of land (by Arabs to Jews) in Lod and Ramle, and other cities inside the 1948 borders."
--- PA Justice Minister Freih Abu Middein, at a press conference in Ramallah, explaining that the death penalty imposed on Arabs who sell land to Jews will be applied to Israeli Arabs as well (Agence France Presse, May 27, 1997)
Following are recent statements made by Palestinian officials which constitute incitement to violence and hostile propaganda against Israel. Such statements are a violation of the Oslo Accords.
Q: Is it possible that the Palestinians will return to the armed struggle?
Arafat: Anything is possible.
Q: Including the armed struggle?
Arafat: It is not possible to foresee what will happen to the entire region, not just in Palestine. The entire region is in danger and on the verge of complete chaos, as a result of violations of the peace agreement by Israel.
Q: In your opinion, is Hamas a terrorist organization?
Arafat: The Hamas movement is one of many patriotic movements.
Q: Even its military wing?
Arafat: Even its military wing. One should not forget that the movement took an active part in the intifada.
-- PA Chairman Arafat in an interview with a Russian newspaper (Novoya Vremya, May 25, 1997)
"The presence of Hamas on Palestinian territory is very important for building the Palestinian homeland."
--- Muhammad Dahlan, head of the PA's Preventive Security Service in Gaza, in an interview with the Hamas newspaper Al-Risallah (cited in Ha'aretz, June 15, 1997)
"Only the uprising of the masses and the intifada in the Palestinian homeland in September 1996 enabled the Palestinians to hope for international and Arab support. It is this intifada which compelled the Israeli side to implement the Oslo Accords. What distinguished this intifada was its official nature. Palestinian security forces took part side by side with the masses. Only once the flow of blood began and Israelis died at the hands of the security forces' gunfire did Netanyahu understand that his assumption that the Palestinians and Arabs did not have other options was baseless. Only then did he understand that he must get used to new realities . Revolutionary violence, which enjoys international legitimacy as a struggle against occupation, is the option that must be put on the discussion table. This is the option that will bring about a breakthrough in the current impasse and breathe new life in to the agreements."
--- lead editorial in the Fatah organization's newspaper (cited in Al-Hayat Al-Jadeeda, June 4, 1997)
"Israel is distributing food containing material that causes cancer and hormones that harm male virility and other spoiled food products in the Palestinian Authority's territories in order to poison and harm the Palestinian population. We absolutely feel that it is an organized plan and conspiracy which is under the auspices of the Israel Defense Forces this is a planned and initiated war against the Palestinian people."
--- PA Deputy Minister of Supplies Abdel Hamid al-Qudsi in a newspaper interview (Yediot Aharonot, June 25, 1997)
"The policy of settlements and land confiscation constitutes organized state terror against the Palestinian lands. The Palestinian people have the right to react to settlement terror via all means."
--- from a statement issued by Fatah after an emergency meeting on June 14, 1997 (Voice of Palestine, June 14, 1997)
"There is a plan which was prepared by the Palestinian leadership with the aim of confronting Israel's intransigence The Palestinian people is ready for a confrontation and is prepared to make
additional sacrifices the people are in a state of preparedness."
--- Abbas Zaki, member of the PA legislative council and the Fatah central committee (Al-Sharq al-Awsat, June 16, 1997)
"If a solution is not found to the situation and the political process is not returned to its course, there will be severe clashes between us and the Israelis . All options are open before us."
--- Jibril Rajoub, in a television interview
(Middle East Broadcasting Corp., June 20, 1997)
In the five months since the signing of the January 15, 1997 Hebron accord, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has committed numerous violations of its security provisions. Following is a list of the 10 most serious security-related infractions of the Hebron Accord committed by the PA:
1) FAILURE TO CONTAIN DISTURBANCES
The agreement: Under paragraph 7 of the Hebron Accord, the two sides are obligated to "prevent any provocation or friction that may affect the normal life of the city." Under paragraph 3 of the agreement, the Palestinian police were supposed to establish checkpoints in the areas adjacent to those under Israeli control in order "to prevent entry of armed persons and demonstrators or other people threatening security and public order into the abovementioned area."
The violation: During the disturbances in Hebron in late March and early April 1997, as well as in the past two days, the Palestinian police repeatedly failed to contain Palestinian rioters who surged towards the Jewish Quarter. On several occasions, the rioters succeeded in entering the buffer zones separating the Palestinian and Israeli controlled sections of the city, and the Palestinian police did not turn them back. From the outset, little effort was made by the Palestinian security forces to quell the riots, and nsufficient measures were taken to prevent recurring incidents of stonethrowing and other attacks on Israelis.
2) UNAUTHORIZED ENTRY OF PALESTINIAN POLICE INTO THE JEWISH QUARTER OF HEBRON
The agreement: Under Paragraph 5(d) of the Hebron Accord, the Palestinian police are permitted to operate in Area H-1 of Hebron, which is under Palestinian control, but not in Area H-2, which is under Israeli control. According to paragraph 4(b) of the agreement, the only Palestinian police permitted to operate in Area H-2 are those serving as part of a Joint Mobile Unit (JMU) together with Israeli soldiers which is intended "to handle incidents that involve Palestinians only."
The violation: In violation of the accord, armed Palestinian police have repeatedly entered the Jewish Quarter of Hebron. On at least 10 occasions, armed Palestinian policemen have entered the JewishQuarter, and in 2 other cases, Palestinian police vehicles have entered the area.
3) EXCEEDING THE LIMIT ON THE NUMBER OF PALESTINIAN POLICE IN HEBRON
The agreement: Paragraph 5a of the Hebron Accord states that the Palestinians may have "a total of up to 400 policemen, equipped with 20 vehicles and armed with 200 pistols, and 100 rifles for the protection of the police stations."
The violation: The PA has deployed approximately 1,500 policemen in Hebron, which is nearly four times the number permitted under the agreement.
4) ARREST AND DETENTION OF ISRAELIS IN HEBRON
The agreement: In paragraph 2(b) of the Hebron Accord, Israel and the PA reaffirmed their commitment to honor the security provisions of the Oslo 2 Accord of September 28, 1995. Among the specific articles cited are Article XI of Annex I to Oslo 2, which forbids the PA from arresting or placing Israelis in custody.
The violation: There have been 5 incidents in which Palestinian police have arrested Israelis, and 6 cases in which Israelis were illegally detained. On one occasion, Palestinian police searched an Israeli car, and in one case they confiscated an Israeli's ID card.
5) THREATENING ISRAELI SOLDIERS AT GUNPOINT
The agreement: In paragraph 2(b) of the Hebron Accord, Israel and the PA reaffirmed their commitment to honor the security provisions of the Oslo 2 Accord of September 28, 1995. Among the specific articles cited are Article II of Annex I to Oslo 2, which obligates the two sides to cooperate and coordinate. Additionally, paragraph 7(a) of the Hebron Accord obligates the two parties to "prevent any provocation or friction that may affect the normal life in the city."
The violation: There have been 3 incidents in Hebron in which Palestinian policemen have aimed their pistols at Israeli soldiers and threatened to open fire on them.
6) ARMING THE PALESTINIAN POLICE WITH UNAUTHORIZED TYPES OF WEAPONS
The agreement: According to Paragraph 5a of the Hebron Accord, the Palestinian police are permitted to have "200 pistols, and 100 rifles for the protection of the police stations."
The violation: The PA has armed its security forces in Hebron with weapons that are forbidden under the accord. For example, agents of Jibril Rajoub's Preventive Security Service in Hebron have been armed with Scorpion submachine guns.
7) EXCEEDING THE LIMIT ON THE NUMBER OF WEAPONS
The agreement: According to Paragraph 5a of the Hebron Accord, the Palestinian police are permitted to have "100 rifles for the protection of the police stations."
The violation: The PA has ignored the requirements of the accord, and has exceeded the limit of 100 rifles which the Palestinian police in Hebron are permitted to possess.
8) HINDERING OF ISRAELI SECURITY FORCES BY PALESTINIAN POLICE
The agreement: In paragraph 2(b) of the Hebron Accord, Israel and the PA reaffirmed their commitment to honor the security provisions of the Oslo 2 Accord of September 28, 1995. Among the specific articles cited are Article XI of Annex I to Oslo 2, which forbids the PA from stopping uniformed members of the Israeli security forces "in any circumstances".
The violation: On 4 occasions, Palestinian police have held up Israeli security forces at Palestinian police stations or roadblocks in Hebron.
9) UNAUTHORIZED ENTRY TO BUFFER ZONES OF PALESTINIAN POLICEMEN ARMED WITH RIFLES
The agreement: Paragraph 5a of the Hebron Accord states that the Palestinian police may have "100 rifles for the protection of the police stations." Paragraph 5c limits the use of the rifles to members of the Rapid Response Teams [RRTs], which the PA is supposed to establish and deploy in each of the Palestinian police stations in Hebron, and restricts their use to "special cases" only. Under paragraph 5d(2), the RRTs may use the rifles in the Agreed Adjacent Areas (buffer zones between Palestinian and Israeli-controlled territory) only if the measure is coordinated in advance with Israel.
The violation: On at least 6 occasions, Palestinian policemen armed with rifles have entered the Agreed Adjacent Areas. This was done without prior approval or coordination with Israel.
10) FAILURE TO ESTABLISH PALESTINIAN POLICE CHECKPOINT
The agreement: Under paragraph 3 of the Hebron Accord, the Palestinian police are supposed to
establish checkpoints in the areas adjacent to those under Israeli control in order "to prevent entry
of armed persons and demonstrators or other people threatening security and public order into the
abovementioned area." The checkpoints are delineated in the map contained in Appendix 1 of the
The violation: Despite Israeli requests, the Palestinian police have failed to establish one of the
checkpoints agreed upon in the accord.
The agreement: Under paragraph 3 of the Hebron Accord, the Palestinian police are supposed to establish checkpoints in the areas adjacent to those under Israeli control in order "to prevent entry of armed persons and demonstrators or other people threatening security and public order into the abovementioned area." The checkpoints are delineated in the map contained in Appendix 1 of the accord.
The violation: Despite Israeli requests, the Palestinian police have failed to establish one of the checkpoints agreed upon in the accord.