Ariel Center For Policy Research (ACPR) ad: Withdrawal from the Golan Heights = Deadly for Lake Kinneret
The following Full Page Ad (#14) was published on May 9, 2000, in the Israeli daily, Ha'aretz:
THE GOLAN HEIGHTS
AND THE FACTS
Withdrawal from the Golan
Deadly for Lake Kinneret
1. Syria Has Systematically Violated Its Water Agreements with Lebanon,Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq: Syria seized the sources of the Orontes (al-Asi), near Baalbek, Lebanon in the 1970s. It has prevented Lebanon from constructing a dam vitally needed for irrigation and energy. Contrary to agreements, Syria withholds the waters of the Orontes from Turkey. Since 1953 Syria has violated all agreements for supplying water from the Yarmuk River to Jordan. It has diverted half of the Jordanian allotment, and has used the "Yarmuk Faucet" as a tool for political blackmail. In 1975 Syria and Iraq were on the verge of war because of a broken agreement on the supply of the Euphrates water by Syria to Iraq.
2. "Syria's attempt to divert these waters [of the Yarmuk] was a catalyst for the 1967 War. . . . Israel further relies on Yarmuk waters to reduce salinity in the Sea of Galilee and to recharge its aquifers via its National Water Carrier."(Dr. Joyce Starr, Middle East Water Covenant, Holt, New York, 1995, p. 184).
3. Chairman of the Kinneret Authority, Tzvi Ortenberg: "A potential Syrian success in diverting the sources of the Jordan and the Kinneret would mean only one thing: the destruction of Israel without resorting to military or political means. It is our deterrent capability, stemming from our presence on the Golan Heights, that makes Syria think twice before acting rashly." (Briefing, 16 April 2000)
4. "If regional cooperation in the utilization of water sources is possible, why does it not exist on the inter-Arab level?!" (Dr. Martin Sherman, Tel Aviv University, Globes business daily, 30 September 1999). For 1300 years Mideast water sources have been the cause of clashes rather than cooperation - among Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia (the Nile), Syria, Turkey and Iraq (the Euphrates), Syria and Jordan (the Yarmuk), etc. (Middle East Water Covenant, 1995)
5. US INTELLIGENCE:
Israel has arrived at the red line of water supply to its growing population.
(Middle East Water Covenant, 1995, p. 49)
6. Secret Report of the Israel Water Planning Authority, 1991:
The Golan Heights, western and northern Samaria, northwestern Judea, and the Jerusalem environs are vital to ensuring the supply of Israel's water. (Dr. Martin Sherman, Tel Aviv University, Globes, 30 September 1999).
7. Chairman of the Kinneret Authority, Tzvi Ortenberg: The average annual water potential of Israel is 280 cubic meters per capita, compared to 2,000 cubic meters per capita in Syria, 700 cubic meters per capita for Israel's neighbors, and 1,400 cubic meters per capita in the Middle East as a whole. There is no precedent for the relinquishment of water sources. A country needs land, water, and people. The loss of any one of them -- or a mortal blow to it -- destroys the foundation of that country's existence." (Briefing, 4 May 2000).
8. Former Water Commissioner Gideon Tzur: "The Israeli water system, which is fully utilized, does not have even a drop of water to spare to a foreign entity. . . Syria could seize 200 million cubic meters (at least) from the sources of the Kinneret, which would mean a mortal blow to Israel . . . the death of the Kinneret and, indirectly, the destruction of the coastal aquifer that serves as Israel's only long-term reservoir." (Lecture in Netanya, 18 February 1996)
9. "70% of Israel's water sources will no longer be under its control if it withdraws from the Golan Heights (30%), Judea, and Samaria." (Dr. Martin Sherman, Tel Aviv University, Globes, 30 September 1999).
10. ONLY ISRAELI CONTROL OF THE GOLAN WATERSHED LOCATED ALONGSIDE THE PRESENT BORDERLINE ON THE GOLAN HEIGHTS ENSURES THE ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF WATER QUALITATIVELY AND QUANTITATIVELY.